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India’s arguably generous maternity law benefits m...

In India, working mothers-to-be are far better-of than most of their peers in the developed world, however, the country’s maternity laws are archaic. A year or two ago, the country passed the Maternity (Amendment) Bill aimed at working women and their right to paid maternity leave from 12 weeks to 26 weeks which is the world’s third-highest. There is a no-win situation nonetheless — the law is meant for companies with a headcount of at least ten employees which is just a minuscule proportion of the working women of India.This limitation in maternity benefits is an upshot of the desire of the elite of India to merely mimic policies that are both purposed and executed in the West, without any sort of fine-tuning suiting Indian conditions. The maternity bill is an exemplary bill – phantom legislation that passes laws that don't have and in all probability will not be as effective as required. Progress or that one is doing something is an illusion, and is given, but the reality is something else. There is an ideological dimension to the law which is a part and parcel of what the Indian elite believes is good, just, and prestigious in communities transcending boundaries.Symbol of progressCanada and Norway are the only two countries, with GDPs per capita of 27 and 47 times higher than India’s, respectively, provide protracted maternity leaves in comparison with India. The moot point, however, isn’t the perception of generosity, but how the law is applied.It was estimated that the vast majority of Indian women shun work. While on the one hand the unorganized sector is comprised of over 80% of women working for companies with an employee headcount of less than ten. On the other hand, the organized sector comprises of 16% women workers, who do informal work, where the maternity law is not applicable.A more realistic assumption would be that a meagre 20% of the females work in the organized sector, then the law is potentially applicable to simply 1.3% of the workforce, or not even 1% of all females.Considering these off-the-cuff calculations, the unanswered question is why would India deplete its invaluable resources on ratifying a law that is applicable to a minuscule section of its growing population.Call 7604047601 for consultation with a registered expert maternity lawyer on Vidhikarya.

Posted By

Avik Chakravorty

2 days ago

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Mentally tortured husbands can appeal for granting...

In one particular case, the division bench permitted an appeal for granting a divorce decree in favor of the appealing husband for being tortured by the wife. The appellate judge may question the legality, validity and the propriety of the trial court’s judgment in which it had canceled the suit of the appellant or plaintiff for granting divorce decree of behavior torture and abandonment.Submissions by the AppellantThe appellant-husband may submit that the wife who is the respondent was disrespectful towards his parents and told his mother that meals were to be prepared according to what's on her menu. Another declaration of the appellant could be that the wife of the Respondent had reverted to her parental home within days of marriage and upon repeated requests of her in-laws reverted to her in-laws and that’s when she began cajoling the appellant to live apart.The appellant may state that even after having accepted all her demands, both her attitude and behavior remained unchanged. Matters worsen if the complaint filed by her turns out to be fake; a case in point would be a demand of dowry which, if not met would be the cause of her reverting to her parental home for good never to return to her appellant husband’s house ever again. Hence, in view of the prevailing circumstances, the plaintiff/appellant is likely to seek an of divorce decree on the plea of mental torture and abandonment. The wife of the respondent may deny all allegations and as a matter of fact, plead that she was tortured, the streedhan properties were retained by her in-laws and that the appellant accosted her with threats of divorcing her and remarrying. Besides, she may unequivocally mention her willingness to joining the appellant’s company.ObservationBy perusing the pleadings and depositions, it may turn out that the appellant’s allegations were according to what the depositions of the respondent, his parents, and other relatives were in a fake criminal case for an offense under Sections 498-A and 323 of Penal Code, 1860.An acquittal under Sections 498-A/34 and 323 IPC of the indicted person by the trial judge in regards to the levied charges. Furthermore, it was later noted that the respondent-wife did mention that she was a victim of crass and obscene behavior by both the appellant and the members of his family As and when the respondent-wife is examined, one question, in particular, is asked to the respondent and that is whether the respondent is eager and willing to live together with the appellant. If the answer is a resounding No then clearly the respondent’s allegations were falseand besides, if she was unwilling to live together with the appellant then her very own pleadings are suspect. UpheldIt was upheld that if the wife made any scandalous, vulgar and defamatory statements implicating the appellant’s family members it may cause mental torture to the husband. Besides, it was stated that if the wife fails to provide evidence supporting her unfounded, indecent and defamatory allegations then it would all be the causes of mental torture to the husband.Therefore, if the respondent-wife is unable to prove her scandalous and indecent allegations against the husband’s family and in addition if there is any demand for dowry then it would be a false claim causing mental agony to the husband. Therefore, the appeal for granting the divorce decree favoring the appellant for the dissolution of the marriage among the parties would be permitted.Call 7604047601 for consultation with registered expert divorce lawyers on Vidhikarya.

Posted By

Avik Chakravorty

3 days ago

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Navneet R

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Priyanka Rajput

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Jannat  Yadav

Jannat Yadav

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Ansari Solicitor Firm

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SAROJA  PRUSTY

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Vivek  Pratap Singh

Vivek Pratap Singh

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Practicing in the matters including tax writs, including recovery of tax; appeal arising out of direct and indirect tax; tax references for order, admission of cases, revenue, civil and criminal matters before the allahabad high court, tribunal and NCLT allahabad. View Full Profile
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About bankruptcy & debt Laws


The primary law dealing with the subject of bankruptcy and debt laws is the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016.

The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC) is a substitution to separated legal framework and a split institutional set-up which was kept on passing on poor outcomes for a significant long time loan bosses and troubled business searching for an exit. This will profit everybody loan bosses, troubled business, economy and the estimation of the assets will be expanded. The manner by which the law is starting at now being realized seems to focus more on fast operationalisation. It has presented the time bound determination process which is the 180-day course of events talks profoundly about the point of the IBC – fast assurance of insolvency to help with the recuperation as to win in the economy where there is more capability about the recuperation system and expanding the estimation of assets of bothered business. Since the IBC accommodates a period bound system, it puts gigantic weight on the promoters as wells as the lenders to quick track a trade off recipe or risk the asset being liquidated.

Bankruptcy is a legal proceeding involving a person or business that is unable to repay outstanding debts. Some of the distinguishing elements of the code are-

  • Comprehensive law – this code is a comprehensive law which envisages and regulates the process of insolvency and bankruptcy of all persons including corporates, partnerships, LLP’s and individuals.
  • Withering away of Multiplicity of Laws – Code withered away multiple laws covering the recovery of debts and insolvency and liquidation process and presents singular platform for all the reliefs relating to recovery of debts and insolvency.
  • Clarity in Process- there is a clear and unambiguous process to be followed by all stakeholders. There is also shift of control from shareholders and promoters to creditors.
  • New Regulatory Authority- it provides for constitution of a new regulatory authority, ‘Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India’ to regulate professionals, agencies and information utilities engaged in resolution of insolvencies of companies, partnership firms and individuals.

The Code plots a bankruptcy assurance handle for individuals, associations and affiliation firms. As showed by the Section 6 of the code it is communicated that the method may be begun by either the corporate record holder or the financial lenders and operational advance managers. The most extraordinary time limit of 180 days and 90 days increase just if the Adjudicating Authority is persuaded for realization of the very system, has been set for corporates and individuals.

There are two types of tribunals. For Companies and Limited Liability Partnership Firms there is The National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) and for people and associations there is the Debt Recovery Tribunal (DRT).

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