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Juvenile Justice In India: Status & Challenges

aman Khandelwal

Over the last two decades, researchers have made significant discoveries about the causes and origins of delinquency. Specifically, they have learned a great deal about adolescent development and its relationship to decision-making, about multiple factors that contribute to delinquency, and about the processes and contexts associated with the course of delinquent careers. Over the same period, public officials have made sweeping jurisprudential, jurisdictional, and procedural changes in our juvenile justice systems. The first half of the text focuses on Concept of Juvenile Justice, juvenile crime and examines trends and patterns in delinquency and victimization, explores causes of delinquency—at the individual, micro-social, and macro-social levels, and from natural and social science perspectives—and their implications for structuring a youth justice system. The second half of the book concentrates on juvenile justice and examines a range of issues—including the historical Read More

SC quashes case against Dhoni, says unwitting acts can't hurt religious sentiments


NEW DELHI: Ruling that a person could not be prosecuted for hurting religious sentiments if his action was unwitting and not deliberate or malicious, the Supreme Court quashed on Thursday a criminal case against cricketer MS Dhoni for allegedly committing the offence as he was portrayed as Lord Vishnu on a business magazine front cover page. A bench of Justices Dipak Misra, A M Khanwilkar and M M Shantanagoudar said that Section 295A of the Indian Penal Code could be slapped against a person only when there was deliberate action on his part to hurt religious sentiments of other persons. Referring to apex court's constitution bench verdict of 1957, it said that the criminal proceedings could be initiated against a person only in case of deliberate attempt. "Section 295A penalises only those act which insults religion or religious belief and which is done with deliberate and malicious intention," the bench said Section 295A says that whoever, with deliberate and malicious Read More

Supreme Court sets alimony benchmark: 25% of ex-husband’s net salary


NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court has set a benchmark for maintenance to be paid by a husband to his estranged wife, stating that 25% of his net salary might constitute a "just and proper" amount as alimony. A bench of Justices R Banumathi and M M Santanagoudar made the observation while directing a resident of West Bengal's Hoogly, earning Rs 95,527 a month, to set aside Rs 20,000 as maintenance for his former wife and their son, turning down the man's plea that the amount was excessive. The court said the amount of maintenance or permanent alimony must be sufficient to ensure that a woman lived with dignity after separating from her husband. Its order came on the man's plea challenging a Calcutta high court order directing him to pay her Rs 23,000 per month. Though the apex court said there was nothing amiss in the high court order, it reduced the amount by Rs 3,000 on the ground that the man had remarried and hence needed to provide for his new family. "Twenty-five per cent of Read More

India's Dark Secret - Female Genital Mutilation

Ravali Reddy

FGC is sometimes called “female genital mutilation.” People who practice FGC may call it “female circumcision.” This practice is mostly carried out by traditional circumcisers, who often play other central roles in communities, such as attending childbirths. However, more than 18% of all FGM is performed by health care providers, and the trend towards medicalization is increasing.   Female genital Mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.   The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations (UN) define FGC as “any partial or total removal of the external female genitilia or any other injury of the female genital organs for non medical reasons.” The United States also uses its definition in its efforts to end the practice. The practice is illegal in the UK.   FGM is recognized internationally as a Read More

Installation of cameras in courtrooms

sneha majumder

The Supreme Court has directed the installation of closed circuit (CCTV) cameras inside lower courts in at least two districts in every State and Union Territory within the next three months. After years of hesitation and reluctance, the SC has finally permitted installation of CCTV cameras without audio recording. In an unprecedented order by the apex court, a bench of Justices Adarsh K Goel and Uday U Lalit directed 24 high courts across the country to assure that district and sessions courts in a minimum of two districts in every state and union territories have CCTV cameras installed inside courtrooms and also in the court precincts within three months. However, the SC barred access to the video footage to lawyers, litigants, and the general public through the Right to Information (RTI) Act. The bench stated that "We may make it clear that footage of the CCTV cameras will not be available under the RTI Act and will not be supplied to anyone without the permission of the Read More

“Not all women wear pearls and sensible shoes to work, some wear dog tags and combat boots”

Ravali Reddy

A High-risk adventurous career has always attracted the young, but it was never thought of was either a hobby all a full time career. But times have changed. The first ever women officers were Commissioned in to the Administrative and Education Branches of the Indian Airforce on 12 June 1993 and the first ever women pilots on 17 December 1994. Way back in the 1930s, Mrs. Urmila K. Parikh opted for the adventurous career of becoming a pilot. She was the first Indian women to obtain to Pilot’s License. After Independence, many more women turned towards aviation. A few Names that stand out are:22 Prem Mathur, who became the first Commercial Pilot to fly Domestic Air Lines in 1947. Durba Banerjee, who became the first pilot of Indian Air Lines in 1956. Saudamini Deshmukh, who was the first lady Captain in the world to fly an all-women crew IATA schedule flight on November 27, 1985. Simran Sondhi and Cheeryl Dutta, IAF flight cadets who flew a helicopter with an all-women crew for the Read More

Raise voice.. against these Noise.

Ravali Reddy

Eve teasing is a typical social crime. It is the sexual harassment or molestation of women by men. It is prevalent almost everywhere, but in India, especially in the cities; you can’t be a woman and not have been its victim at some point in your life. It ranges in severity from sexually evocative remarks to out-and-out groping. Wherever you go in India, be it the mall, the bus stand, the railway station, the theatre, colleges, schools, if you are a woman you can’t escape it. Many believe that it is the clothing of women that elicits such uncouth behaviour, but the sad truth is that even conservatively dressed Muslim women who wear a burqa over their clothes leaving only the eyes and feet visible are subjected to it. There are different levels of eve teasing and the very word teasing kind of belies the actual scale of harassment it implies. Women are subjected to lewd remarks, cat calls, outstretched hands that reach out for their private parts, pinching and even Read More

Brain Scans in the court room

Ravali Reddy

A group of men exit a city hotel and begin making their way to a waiting car. As they approach the vehicle, another man opens the fire on the group from 10 feet away, intending to kill one of them. Four men are wounded before the attacker is subdued by bystanders. Imagine you're a juror in the shooter's trial for attempted murder. At trial, the shooter's legal term pursues his insanity defense. the defense argues that, at the time of the offense, the accused - due to mental disease or defect - lacked substantial capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of his actions or to conform to the requirements of the law. in support of this contention, the defense presents you and your fellow jurors with an image of the accused's brain from a computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan. Accompanying this picture is the testimony of a defense expert a neuroradiologist, saying that the shooter's brain has relatively enlarged sucli and ventricles, signifying shrinkage and decay. a second defense Read More

Children for sale...

Ravali Reddy

  Sex trafficking involves some form of forced or coerced sexual exploitation that is not limited to prostitution, and has become a significant and growing problem in both the United States and the larger global community. The costs to society include the degradation of human and women’s rights, poor public health, disrupted communities, and diminished social development. Victims of sex trafficking acquire adverse physical and psychological health conditions and social disadvantages. Thus, sex trafficking is a critical health issue with broader social implications that requires both medical and legal attention. Healthcare professionals can work to improve the screening, identification, and assistance of victims of sex trafficking in a clinical setting and help these women and girls access legal and social services. Every year in India, over 200,000 women and children are inducted into the flesh trade. Of these, approximately one-third are under 18 years old. Sex Read More

"We're here, we're queer and we'd like to say hello!

Ravali Reddy

Today homosexuality is a much debated topic with much hatred, fear, prejudice, violation of constitutional rights for civil society and the government of India. Homosexuality- should be legalized or not, it is natural or unnatural, it should be criminalized or decriminalized, these questions are raised before the people of India. India is one of 75 countries around the world that outlaws homosexuality. There is no demographics for LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender) people in India, but according to government reports submitted in supreme court 2.5 million gay people recorded in India. These figures only based on those individual who self-declared to the ministry of health. There may be higher statistics for individual who concealed their identity with fear of discrimination. The discussion of homosexuality or sexual topics are rarely discussed openly, our people have mindset particularly in villages that they do not accept what is becoming acceptable in the world Read More

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