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The Laws in India against Domestic Violence

The prevalence of domestic violence is a scourge and an evil thing in our society. It is about time that we ensure that the issue is addressed squarely and that we are equipped in dealing with it.In India, domestic violence and dowry deaths complement each other. The vast majority of domestic violence cases result in or lead to dowry deaths and therefore prevalent. There may be relatives or friends who during their lifetime have had to deal with domestic violence or have been perpetrators. Nonetheless, domestic violence is often ignored or overlooked without taking any action as the victims are clueless as to who they ought to turn to for lodging their grievances.  The three laws in effect in India that deal with domestic violence issues directly are:·       The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005·       The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 and ·       Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code.Under The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 which is a civil law womenfolk are protected from the menfolk in the household. This law in addition to protecting married women from their husbands also protects unmarried women who may be living together. This law also protects family members including mothers, grandmothers, and so on. This law permits women to look for protection against domestic violence, to be compensated financially, to exert the right to shared living in their household, and getting maintenance if in case they live apart.The law ensures women aren’t thrown out of their homes and can keep their body and soul together even after being mistreated. It provides protection to women from their perpetrators – under the Act, a Magistrate can pass a decree ensuring the perpetrator neither contacts nor is in close proximity to the abused or the affected party.The Dowry Prohibition Act is a criminal law that punishes both the giver and the taker of dowry. Based on this law, if anyone takes, gives or even so much as demands dowry, then the punishment is imprisonment for 6 months or they could be paying a fine of a maximum of Rs 5,000.Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code is about husband or husband’s relative who may be a woman’s husband inflicting cruelty on her. Cruelty in this context essentially means any behavior that pushes a woman to the brink of suicide or may cause fatal injury particularly to mental health – including harassment in the pretext of dowry. If indicted, a jail term of 3 years looms large. Click here to connect to Vidhikarya’s registered expert criminal lawyers for further legal advice in this regard.

Posted By

Avik Chakravorty

1 day ago

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What are the Human Rights Laws in India

Rights and Fundamental RightsIts oft-heard that both radicals and the layman alike are dueling for their human rights. The question though is what rights are we talking about here and did we get these rights from anyone? Fundamentally, why is it that people have to be on a tussle all the time for their human rights? Read on to find answers to these burning questions. Introduction to Human Rights and Fundamental RightsThe Indian Constitution has entire sections on The Rights and Fundamental Rights that guarantee people that their rights would be protected. These Fundamental Rights are regarded as the basic human rights of Indian citizens, notwithstanding their gender, caste, religion, creed, so on and so forth. These sections are the vital elements of the constitution which were developed between 1947 and 1949 by the Indian Constitution.The six fundamental rights in India are Right to Equality, Right to Freedom, Right against Exploitation, Right to Freedom of Religion, Cultural and Educational Rights, and Right to Constitutional Remedies.1. Right to EqualityRight to Equality ensures that all citizens get equal rights. Inequality on the basis of caste, religion, place of birth, race, or gender is prohibited on the basis of the Right to Equality. It ensures equal opportunity in case of government jobs preventing the State from being discriminatory against anyone in regards to employment matters solely based on religious and racial grounds as well as on caste, sex, descent, birthplace, and domicile. 2. Right to FreedomThe right to freedom includes a wide array of rights including freedom of speech, expression, unarmed assembly, movement within national boundaries, association, practicing any profession, taking up residence in any part of India. These rights, however, have restrictions of their own.3. Right against ExploitationHuman trafficking, child labor, offensive forced labor inviting legally validated punishment, and also an act that compels a person to do unpaid work when the person did not have any sort of legal entitlement to do the work or get paid for it are all instances of exploitation that are condemned by the Right against Exploitation. The only exception is if there is any benefit to the public such as NGO work or community services. 4. Right to Freedom of ReligionThe right to Freedom of Religion ensures religious freedom and secular states in India. According to the Constitution, the States ought to view all religions equally in an unbiased manner and that none of the states has an official religion. It also ensures that people have the freedom of conscience and the freedom of preaching, practicing and propagating any religion that they may choose to.5. Cultural and Educational RightsCultural and Educational Rights safeguards the rights of cultural, religious and linguistic minorities by facilitating conservation of their culture and safeguarding them against discriminatory practices. Educational rights assure education for one and all regardless of their caste, gender, religion, and so on. 6. Right to Constitutional RemediesIf citizens' fundamental rights have been violated then they can appeal to the Supreme Court of India for enforcement or seek protection if their fundamental rights have been violated or infringed upon. It's within the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court to ensure that the Fundamental Rights are enforced even if that means implicating private bodies. Awarding compensation to the affected individual in case of any violation is the norm. ?Click here to connect to Vidhikarya’s registered expert human rights lawyers for further legal advice in this regard.

Posted By

Avik Chakravorty

1 day ago

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Vinayak  Law associates

Vinayak Law associates

Advocate
Exp
Delhi , Delhi

Specialization

  • Motor Accident
  • Divorce
  • Criminal
  • Civil
  • Cheque Bounce
We are lawyers,We deals in matters related to Divorce and Separation,civil,criminal,domestic violance,labour matters etc. View Full Profile
Anil  Kumar

Anil Kumar

Advocate
Exp
Bangalore , Karnataka

Specialization

  • Motor Accident
  • Civil
  • Criminal
  • Divorce
  • Will
PRACTICE AREAS 6 years Experience.Anticipatory Bail, Arbitration, Breach of Contract, Cheque Bounce, Civil, Criminal, Divorce, Documentation, Domestic Violence, Family, Property,Language(s) Spoken: English, Hindi, Kannada,Telugu, Tamil. View Full Profile
Akash  Tandon

Akash Tandon

Advocate
Exp
South West Delhi , Delhi

Specialization

  • Motor Accident
  • Family
  • Civil
  • RTI
  • Arbitration And Mediation
I have represented my clients'​ interest by frequently appearing before all levels of court whether it be districtcourts,tribunals,state commissions orHigh Courts all over India on trials,appeals & other contested matters. My approach is always cost-effective and collaborative in my clients intere View Full Profile
Mukunda  Muniyappa

Mukunda Muniyappa

advocate
Exp
Bangalore , Karnataka

Specialization

  • Motor Accident
  • Divorce
  • Child Custody
  • Cheque Bounce
  • Criminal
We MMK Associates, advocate and legal consultants provide affordable remedy and legal solution for matters concerning divorce, maintenance, and divorce by mutual consent, child custody, domestic violence, dowry Harassment cases, cheque bounce, documentation, all civil matters and criminal defense ca View Full Profile
The Legal Buddha

The Legal Buddha

Partner
Exp
South Delhi , Delhi

Specialization

  • Motor Accident
  • Civil
  • Banking
  • Commercial
  • Adoption
At "The Legal Buddha" we cover Delhi /NCR and North India. By Virtue of experienced members Our firm is dealing in all types of Civil and Criminal Cases apart from Corporate clients, Our motto is "BEST VALUE FOR MONEY" View Full Profile
Romesh Pratap  Singh

Romesh Pratap Singh

Lawyer
Exp
Gwalior , Madhya Pradesh

Specialization

  • Motor Accident
  • Criminal
  • Admiralty And Maritime
  • Administrative Law
  • Arbitration And Mediation
Lawyer for High Court deal the criminal , civil , service and writ matter and also deal matter in District and Session Court and Family Court View Full Profile
Maruthi  Reddy G.A

Maruthi Reddy G.A

Advocate
Exp
Bangalore , Karnataka

Specialization

  • Motor Accident
  • Civil
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  • Police Laws
  • Landlord And Tenant
Clients can except fast, effective and work satisfaction from my side View Full Profile
L K Janghel

L K Janghel

Advocate and Legal Consultant
Exp
Raipur , Chhattisgarh

Specialization

  • Motor Accident
  • Civil
  • Debt Collection
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  • Environment And Natural Resources
My best wishes Every body will be achived whather are reach or poor persion is my gear point of think View Full Profile
Johnson  Thangiah

Johnson Thangiah

Advocate / Trial Advocate
Exp
Tirunelveli , Tamil Nadu

Specialization

  • Motor Accident
  • Civil
  • Cheque Bounce
  • Consumer Protection
  • Child Custody
Actively practicing before the District sessions courts of Tirunelveli and Tuticorin of Tamilnadu state India past more than 17 years.Also appearing before the Madras High Court Madurai Bench.Mainly concentrating on "TRIAL" works.( "Expert in Economic Offences") Mobile 9443194559 View Full Profile
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Ved prakash  Shaw

Ved prakash Shaw

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Exp
Bhubaneswar , Orissa

Specialization

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  • Cheque Bounce
  • Contracts And Agreements
  • Documentation
  • Family
Total Answers Given : 132
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  • What is Motor Accident Laws?
  • What is the need for Motor Accident Laws?
  • How is Motor Accident Laws legally recognized in India?

Vidhikarya will help you find a most suitable lawyer, for you in your city, who will be able to answer all your Motor Accident Laws related queries and also guide you on how to resolve this matter with ease.

About the Motor Accident Laws


Due to a congestion of cars coupled with neglectful negligence has led to a rise in road accidents. Road accidents are caused due to multiple factors like faulty vehicle, faulty roads, the road user, and so on.

Regularizing and Legal Recognition of Motor Accident Laws


The major legislation in this topic is The Motor Vehicles Act 1988.

As per the 7th Schedule of the Indian Constitution, India has a list system according to which the jurisdiction of legislating on certain matters is enumerated. As per Entry 23 of List A to the Seventh Schedule, the subject of motor vehicles is regulated by the Central Government.

There is a Union Ministry of Road Transport & Highways. The transport wing of this ministry regulates issues related to road transport which is inclusive of motor vehicle legislation.

Some of the laws that are related to the topic are:

  • The Carriage by Road Act 2007
  • The Motor Vehicles Act 1988
  • The National Highways Act 1956
  • The National Highways Authority of India Act 1988
  • The Control of National Highways (Land and Traffic) Act 2002
  • The Multimodal Transportation of Goods Act 1993
  • The Fatal Accidents Act 1855
  • Indian Penal Code 1860

Some important facts and cases about and under Motor Accident Laws


The Motor Vehicles Act is applicable to the whole of India. It talks about matters related to the maximum time for which a motor vehicle might be used. Section 59 of the Act gives the power to fix the age limit of a motor vehicle. Central government has the power to make rules as per Section 110, and Section 111 confers the power on State Governments to make certain rules.

The speed limit is dealt with under Section 112 of the Act. Various types of offences re recognised as per the Act, to list a few are Sections3-6, 23, 36, 112, 129, 185, 189, and so on. Section 129 is with respect to the usage of protective head gear. Section 185 is with respect to a drunken person driving or a person under the influence of drugs in charge of a vehicle.

Due sensitization of the automobile engineers and those connected with sale, servicing and maintenance of vehicles to the provisions of the Motor Vehicles Act 1988 is a functional necessity. Section 304A of the Indian Penal Code confers criminal liability for the rash and negligent acts of a driver. A man who is driving or riding holds a definitive obligation to control his vehicle. Such a man is prima facie blameworthy of negligence if his vehicle dashes into something or somebody unless he has motivation to clarify that he made every effort to monitor the vehicle however the mishap was inescapable. This rule was set up in the milestone case of Ratlam v.s Emperor.

On account of Chintaram v.s State of Madhya Pradesh, the deceased was strolling on the widely appealing so the blamed was driving by the left for the street endeavouring to keep a separation from her. At the point when the accused reached near the perished she suddenly took a left turn and got struck by the cruiser. For this situation, the accused was not careless. The whimsical choice of the casualty did not give any sensible time to the motorcyclist to maintain a strategic distance from her so he was acquitted.

Some other provisions of the Indian Penal Code which deal with the subject of Motor Accident Laws are Section 279, 336 to 338, 427, etc.

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