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A step-by-step guide for legal recourse when Chequ...

|A Cheque is a mode of payment that is widely used for transactions including loan re-payment, payment of salary, bills, fees, and so on. Banks on a daily basis process and clear the vast majority of cheques. Issuing cheques are essentially proof of payment. However, cheques undeniably are a reliable mode of payment for most people. Conversely, issuing crossed “Account Payee Only” the cheque is advisable and indeed recommended so that the cheque is not misused in any way, shape or form.  A cheque basically is a negotiable instrument and they are of two types including Crossed and Account payee cheques which are non-negotiable by any person excepting the payee. The issued cheques have to be deposited into the bank account of the payee. The legal definition of the author of the cheque is ‘drawer’ and the cheque is drawn in favor of the ‘drawee’ and the paying bank is typically known as the ‘payee’. Cheque bounce cases in recent times are quite common. Occasionally, huge cheque amounts remain unpaid and payee banks return them dishonored.Dishonor of cheque results in the drawee bank issuing a ‘Cheque Return Memo’ to the payee’s banker pronto stating the reason for non-payment of the cheque. The banker of the payee then returns the memo and the dishonored cheque back to the payee. The cheque can be reissued or the payee can reissue the cheque within the timescale of three months of the cheque date if the drawer believes issued cheque will be honored the second time around. However, if the issuer of the cheque fails in making a payment, then its the payee’s right to proceed along the lines of legally prosecuting the drawer.  The defaulter/drawer may be legally prosecuted by the payee for the fact that the cheque was dishonored. However, the only exception to the rule is if the cheque amount is huge and the cheque payment is towards discharging debt or other defaulter liabilities towards the payee. In the case of a gift cheque, which may have been towards obtaining a loan or for illegal purposes, then the drawer is exempt from being prosecuted.Legal action In case of payee deciding to proceed legally, then the payer ought to have the chance of repaying the cheque amount pronto. The chance ought to be given only in the form of notice in writing. The notice ought to be sent to the drawer within a month of receipt of the “Cheque Return Memo” notice from the bank. The notice also ought to allude to the fact that the cheque amount ought to be paid to the payee within a fortnight from the receipt date of the notice by the issuer. If the issuer of the cheque is unable to pay within a month of receipt of the notice the payee is entitled and indeed empowered to file a criminal complaint under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act. Call 7604047601 for a preliminary phone consultation with the registered expert cheque bounce lawyers on Vidhikarya.

Posted By

Avik Chakravorty

5 hours ago

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E-signing is the tip of the iceberg: Smart E-Contr...

It’s a frustrating experience for anyone waiting for follow up after a proposal for a contract has been sent to a client and what may seem like an eternity is, in fact, a protracted timescale for the client to respond. Sending a contract to a client is a harrowing experience that entails following up with clients to ensure they receive, read, agree, sign and send the contract back signed and sealed. After the vendor gets the signed contract back from the client there are a few internal formalities including obtaining internal approvals that the vendor has to follow or comply with and then the signed and sealed contract can be filed away in a safe and secure place. The entire process may take several weeks to conclude. The entire process is time-consuming and that time could be dedicated to pursuing and closing newer business deals. The control over the contract workflow beginning with drafting and finalizing the proposal to signing the contract can be done in no time at all. The major reasons for opting for E-contracts over static contracts are as follows:Counterparts are impressedCommon contracts aren’t time savers rather they are time-consuming and are pesky as well. Clients are unimaginably delighted owing to the fact that they don’t have to print, read, retype alterations in an email or jot down in the margins of one’s contract, scan and email the contract back to the sender; all of this is a lot of hassle when one could seamlessly manage negotiations directly through their live E-contract document.Professional, bespoke, hi-tech e-contracts are impressive with branding and even attaching a video greeting would create a positive impact on one’s client. The screen and audio recording features are available as well for walking clients through certain sections of one’s proposal.Close deals It's hard to imagine working for months on coming to fruition on a client and the client ultimately agreeing on accepting a proposal. One may work for a few days on drafting and perfecting the proposal only to lose it in transit. Upon contacting one’s client after about a week to inquire whether the client received the proposal, the reply may not be what one may ideally want to hear i.e. the client indeed did not receive the proposal, let alone see it, resulting in a negative effect on one’s credibility  and one may lose one’s precious deal forever. Electronic contracts are delivered electronically by clicking a button. The live editing feature enables instant feedback on proposals and in turn reaching an agreement is faster. Following up with clients via emails, phone calls, missing person reports, and so on isn’t required any longer to ensure that they have seen the updated version of a proposal. Owing to E-contracts one can ensure that one’s proposal is in the hands of the intended recipient the very moment one is through with drafting the proposal. One would be notified or intimated as to when the intended recipient received and read the proposal and also get notifications in real-time each time one’s counterpart recommends an alteration and signs.Eliminate hinders to signEvolution is the key to survival in the tech age. The good old days of static contracts are history. E-contracts are not only state-of-the-art and cutting edge technology but are also essential now more than ever before when almost any item that one may require can be accessed instantly and would be at one’s fingertips. The aspect of e-contracts that stands out is that one can sign anytime, anywhere. Research reveals that the vast majority of contracts are typically signed on Fridays and during weekends. Static contracts only permit business transactions Monday to Friday, which eliminates 2 days in a week that one could very well use to come to fruition on deals. This is the trend throughout the year but is particularly vital during closing weeks at month’s end. The motivation for the Sales team with feedback in real-time without any learning curveAny standard E-contract management tool will integrate seamlessly with one’s current systems thereby it's not a steep learning and adoption curve at all. Rather the learning curve is little to none. If one’s sales team uses Salesforce or HubSpot for example, E-contract systems permit one’s sales team to draft and deliver proposals from their preferred CRM interface itself.Successful integrations, even populate data automatically from one’s CRM system into one’s contracts directly. One’s sales team would be able to expedite sending proposals with proposal templates thereby eliminating pesky follow-ups that require a lot of time. Vendors can follow the contract’s lifecycle and get updates from the CRM that they prefer. There is a dashboard in Smart Contract Management systems enabling sales teams to have a comprehensive overview of all generated leads, opportunities, negotiations and deals won from the dashboard view itself.Don't be left on the waysideIn the digital ecosystem, it's one of two things; adaptability or fading away. Obviously, there is a reason behind working with smart contracts that so many brands ranging from top fashion brands and car manufacturers to SMEs are opting for E-contrcats and smart contract management tools. Call 7604047601 for consultation with registered expert contracts and agreements lawyer on Vidhikarya.

Posted By

Avik Chakravorty

1 day ago

Go to Blog
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Consult Top Trust and Society NGO Lawyers in India

anil reddy  s

anil reddy s

Proprietor
Exp
Bangalore , Karnataka

Specialization

  • Trust and Society (NGO)
  • Property
  • Advertising
  • Debt And Lending Agreement
  • Environment And Natural Resources
Total Answers Given : 14
SUNDARAVADIVELU  VELU

SUNDARAVADIVELU VELU

Proprietor
Exp
Chennai , Tamil Nadu

Specialization

  • Trust and Society (NGO)
  • Tax-Income Tax
  • Civil
  • Partnership
  • Sale Of Goods
SPECIALISED IN DIRECT AND INDIRECT MATTER, CHEQUE BOUNCE CRIMINAL CASES, PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION View Full Profile
Total Answers Given : 10
Dharmendra  Damani

Dharmendra Damani

Partner, Damani & Damani
Exp
Mumbai suburban , Maharashtra

Specialization

  • Trust and Society (NGO)
  • Property
  • Financial Markets And Services
  • Landlord And Tenant
  • Power Of Attorney
Expertise with over 40 years of experience in all kinds of Property, Financial & Family dispute matters. Handling several matters across Supreme Court of India, Bombay High Court, Debt Recovery tribunals, City Civil Court, Session Court, Small Causes Court, Consumer forum, Metropolitan Magistrate's View Full Profile
Adrian  Phillips

Adrian Phillips

Partner
Exp
Mumbai City , Maharashtra

Specialization

  • Trust and Society (NGO)
  • Real Estate
  • Property
  • Human Rights
  • Sexual Harassment At Workplace
An Advocate for 19 years. Worked in the Areas of Criminal and Civil Law as well as in Advocacy. Been on National Drafting Committees and have appeared in the Supreme Court and High Courts in 9 States. Still continue to appear in trial courts across the country. No case is too small or too big. View Full Profile
HARISH  KAUSHIK

HARISH KAUSHIK

Advocate
Exp
Central Delhi , Delhi

Specialization

  • Trust and Society (NGO)
  • Civil
  • Criminal
  • Cheque Bounce
  • Domestic Violence
Advocate Harish Kaushik has been practicing and handling cases independently with a result oriented approach, both professionally and ethically and has now acquired over 8 years of professional experience in providing legal consultancy and advisory services. View Full Profile
Kamendu  Joshi

Kamendu Joshi

Managing Partner
Exp
Ahmedabad , Gujarat

Specialization

  • Trust and Society (NGO)
  • Real Estate
  • Contracts And Agreements
  • Corporate And Incorporation
  • Employment And Labour
Kamendu Joshi & Associates is a full service law firm, based at Ahmedabad (Gujarat) offering the most trusted legal service to clients across the Country including Delhi (NCR), Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Surat, Vadodara.We are distinguished not only by the depth and scope of our leg View Full Profile
PRIYA  KULKARNI

PRIYA KULKARNI

LAWYER
Exp
Pune , Maharashtra

Specialization

  • Trust and Society (NGO)
  • Power Of Attorney
naidu  n

naidu n

Senior Legal Consultant
Exp
Hyderabad , Telangana

Specialization

  • Trust and Society (NGO)
  • Civil
  • Admiralty and Maritime
  • Banking
  • Consumer Protection
We handle following litigations: Admiralty & Maritime, Arbitration, Banking, Business , Company law, Civil , Construction, consumer law, Corporation, Partnership, Criminal, Finance, Foreclosure, Franchise Law, Government, Insurance, Revenue matters, Shipping, Real Estate, Family, Divorce et., View Full Profile
Prahallad  Rana

Prahallad Rana

ADVOCATE
Exp
Thane , Maharashtra

Specialization

  • Trust and Society (NGO)
  • Civil
  • Family
  • Registration
  • Tax-Property Tax
Adv. Rana & Associates in Vasai West. It is known to provide top service in the following categories: Lawyers, Lawyers For Criminal, Lawyers For Divorce Case, Lawyers For Property Case, Lawyers For Conveyancing, Lawyers For Dowry Case, Lawyers For NCLAT, Lawyers For Bankruptcy. View Full Profile
S.S  Gosavi

S.S Gosavi

Advocate
Exp
Mumbai City , Maharashtra

Specialization

  • Trust and Society (NGO)
  • Administrative Law
  • Consumer Protection
  • Commercial
  • Landlord And Tenant
I do provide legal services in the area of criminal,constitutional,civil,service and consumer laws by practicing in and before the Bombay High Court ,state commission ,MAT and various judicial and qusi-judicial authorities throughout and out of the Maharashtra for last 4 Years. View Full Profile
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  • What is Trust?
  • Which Laws Govern the Functioning of Trust?
  • What is NGO(Society)?
  • Which Laws Govern Society?

What is Trust?


Trusts, by and large, under Indian law have a statutory premise, in particular the Indian Trusts Act, 1882. By and large, there are two sorts of trusts in India: private trusts and public trusts. The Indian Trusts Act, 1882 represents the private trusts. Public trusts are classified into charitable furthermore, religious trusts. The Charitable and Religious Trusts Act, 1920, the Religious Endowments Act, 1863, the Charitable Endowments Act, 1890, the Societies Registration Act, 1860, and the Bombay Public Trust Act, 1950 are the significant enactments for the acknowledgment and enforceability of public trusts. Besides, trusts can likewise be utilized as pooling vehicles for ventures, for example, mutual funds and venture capital funds. These trusts are administered by a different arrangement of regulations: the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Mutual Funds) Regulations and Securities and Exchange Board of India (Venture Capital Funds) Regulations.

The main necessity of the trust laws is that the creator of the trust ought to demonstrate by words or direct with reasonable certainty his goal to make a trust. Furthermore, the reason for which the trust is tried to be made ought to likewise show up with reasonable certainty. Thirdly, the people for whose advantage the trust it means ought to be sensibly sure. Ultimately, the property, which is to constitute trust property, ought to be assigned with certainty.

Which Laws Govern the Functioning of Trust?


According to Section 7 of Indian Trusts Act 1882, creation of a trust can happen by the following:

  • Persons competent to contract under Section 11 of the Indian Contract Act 1872
  • Hindu Undivided Family
  • By or on behalf of minors with the permission of a principal civil court of original jurisdiction
  • Company
  • Association of Persons (AOP)

What is NGO(Society)?


Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) refers to an organization that has no affiliation to the government and performs voluntary operations in the field of education, wildlife, etc. They are usually funded by the UN or by benefactors. The donations are then used to support their costs and activities in bettering the aspect that the organization focuses on. Some popular NGO's include the Word Wildlife Fund (WWF), The Red Cross, and many others.

Which Laws Govern NGO(Society)?


Some of the Central & State Laws applicable for NGO’s in India are:

  • Indian Trust Act 1882
  • Religious Endowment Act 1863
  • Charitable & Religious Trusts Act 1920
  • Wakf Act 1995
  • Indian Registration Act 1908
  • Sikh Gurdwara Act 1925
  • Trusteed & Mortgagees’ Powers Act 1866
  • Indian Trustees Act 1866
  • Society Registration Act 1860

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Top Responding Lawyers
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