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Laws Related to Registration of Property Transacti...

In the case of immovable property, mandatory registration of property purchase and sale documents are essential ensuring proof of ownership, fraud prevention and assurance of title.Under The Indian Registration Act, there is legislation for property registration in India known as the law of registration of documents that makes it a mandatory requirement to register key documents for the recording of evidence, fraud prevention and assured title transfer. Property Documents Necessitating Mandatory RegistrationRegistration of property or property registration in India in accordance with Section 17 of the Registration Act, 1908, is mandatory in case of transactions involving immovable property sale for an amount in excess of Rs. 100. What this essentially means is that all immovable property sale transactions must be registered since a mere Rs. 100 cannot possibly be the purchase price of immovable property. Furthermore, a gift of immovable property, as well as lease for a period in excess of 12 months are essentially transactions that require registration.In special circumstances, if any of the parties to the transaction is unable to be physically present at the sub registrar's office, then, in that case, any of its officers may be deputed by the sub-registrar for acceptance of the registration documents at the buyer’s residence. Included in ‘immovable property’ are land, buildings and any attached rights to these classes of properties.Procedure and Documents Required for Registration of PropertyAs registration of property documents are mandatory it's worth knowing what the procedure for registration of property entails. Firstly, the documents have to be submitted to the office of the Sub-Registrar of Assurances within the jurisdiction of the location of the transferrable property by the property lawyer. Thereafter both the authorized signatories of the seller and the purchaser, need to be physically present with their proof of identities including Aadhar card, PAN card or any other government authority issued ID proof along with two witnesses, for the purpose of registration of property documents.All designated authorized signatories ought to produce the power of authority if in case they are representing someone on their behalf.  If however, in the case of a company the company is one of the parties in the agreement, the company representatives ought to have all necessary documents with them including the letter of authority, and along with that a copy of the company board’s resolution granting authority to execute the registration. The designated authorized signatory ought to show the property card to the sub-registrar and in addition to that all original documents and proof that stamp duty has indeed been paid. Prior to registration of property documents, verification would be done by the sub-registrar as to whether or not the required stamp duty for the property has been paid, according to the ready reckoner for stamp duty.  Any deficit in the stamp duty would result in the registrar declining registration of property documents. Time Limit and Fees to be Paid for Property Registration ?All documents that need mandatory registration ought to be presented by the property lawyer no later than 4 months from their execution date along with the prescribed fee. In the case of expiry of the time limit, an application can be made to the sub-registrar to condone the delay, and that with an extension of time of another 4 months the registration of property documents would be submitted to the sub-registrar within that time. The registrar may consent to register documents that missed the registration deadline for a hefty fine of up to ten times the actual registration fee. For the registration of property documents, the fee is 1% of the property’s value, capped at Rs 30,000.Previously, presenting registration of property documents for registration of property would result in returning the documents to the sender after six months. Nonetheless, with the sub registrar's offices being computerized, the documents with the registration number and proof that the registrar has indeed completed the registration are first scanned and then returned to the sender on the very same day.Consequences of Non-registration of PropertyIf the property purchase agreement remains unregistered then it could be very risky for the buyer of the property. Since it’s mandatory for all documents to be registered but if they remain unregistered then those unregistered documents cannot be presented as proof in a lawsuit.  

Posted By

Avik Chakravorty

23 hours ago

How to File for Mutual Consent Divorce: Step by St...

According to the Indian Legal system, the divorce procedure or process of divorce basically starts as soon as the divorce petition is filed. The way the divorce procedure in India in its entirety works is with the initiation of the filing of the divorce petition by either party to the divorce suit and serving of notice to the other party.If the relationship between the parties has hit rock bottom and both the spouses have jointly made a decision to split according to the law of the land, then either party can initiate ‘mutual divorce’ according to the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. Either party can file for divorce even if any one of the parties is unwilling to file for divorce and is widely known as ‘contested divorce’. How to file for Mutual Consent Divorce?Section 13B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 is related to the provision of mutual consent divorce and there is a preset divorce procedure to file for a mutual consent divorce mentioned in section 13B. To file a mutual consent divorce petition there is certain steps/procedure to follow as well as requirements that need to be fulfilled and they are as follows: 1. Filing a petition First and foremost, both spouses have to seek a decree of divorce by presenting a joint petition for dissolution of marriage to the family court through a divorce lawyer based on the fact that they have been living apart for a period of a year or more. They may also disclose that living together as couples did not come to fruition and therefore there has been a mutual agreement for dissolution of the marriage. Both parties would have to sign the petition.  2. Appearing before Court and scrutiny of the petition Both parties would have to be present at the family court with their respective divorce lawyer after the petition has been filed. What the court would do is analyze the petition with all the filed documents. The court may even try and reconcile any differences or patch up the strained relations among the parties, although if it's irreconcilable then the divorce case would continue until it reaches its logical conclusion.  3. Order for the recording of statements on oath After the court analyses the petition and it's satisfactory the courts may order the statement of the parties to be recorded under oath. 4. Order on First Motion and elapsing of a period of 6 months prior to Second Motion With the recording of the statements, the court passes an order on the first motion. After this step, a 6 months’ time period is allotted to both parties to divorce prior to filing the second motion. The maximum time period for the filing of a second motion is 18 months from the date the divorce petition is presented in the family court by a divorce lawyer, the only exception being withdrawing the petition unless the petition is withdrawn meanwhile.5. Second Motion and Final Hearing of the MatterWith the decision made to forge ahead with the divorce procedure and be present for the second motion, they can certainly do so and get on with the final hearing. Involved in this step are parties being physically present and statements recorded at the Family Court. Recently, though, the Supreme Court has upheld that the 6 months’ time period that the parties get can be waived off if the courts so wish to. Therefore, in instances of parties genuinely settling their marital issues including alimony, custody of the child or any other pending issues among the parties the cooling-off period of 6 months can be waived off if the courts decide that the waiting period of 6 months would only make them more miserable. Within the period of 18 months, if the second motion is not made, the court will not order any decree of divorce. It's an established law that consent can be withdrawn by either party at will prior to the courts ordering of the decree.6. Decree of Divorce?Both parties in a mutual consent divorce would have to be consenting to get a divorce fair and square without any bone of contention between the parties about alimony, child custody, maintenance, property, and so on. Therefore, a comprehensive agreement among the parties is required for the marriage to be dissolved. After the trial if the court is convinced about the truthfulness of what has been alleged in the petition and that there isn’t an iota of the probability of reconciliation or cohabitation, the courts would then pass a decree of divorce making the divorce final and declaring the marriage as dissolved according to the facts and situations of the case. You may have been unsure as to how to file for divorce or what the exact steps are. However, after reading this blog you would be more informed of the divorce procedure. So, go ahead and retain a good divorce lawyer to get a divorce. 

Posted By

Avik Chakravorty

2 days ago

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Consult Top Cheque Bounce Lawyers in India

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Precinct Legal

Partner
Exp
Bangalore , Karnataka

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Bankruptcy and Debt
  • Civil
  • Contracts and Agreements
  • Corporate and Incorporation
Precinct Legal is a full service law firm based out of Bangalore catering to all the legal needs, be it litigation or corporate. View Full Profile
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Meena S

Senior Advocate
Exp
Bangalore , Karnataka

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Divorce
  • Civil
  • Criminal
  • Domestic Violence
Advocate Meena has 15 years of rich experience in the field of law with an interesting mix of Corporate, Non litigation and Litigation practice. She helps her clients overcome their hurdles and legal challenges by representing for them before various courts like Family court, Civil and Criminal etc. View Full Profile
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Vijay Tangri

Advocate
Exp
South Delhi , Delhi

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Civil
  • Criminal
  • Administrative Law
  • Adoption
Deals in Commercial & Family Disputes & Criminal & Consumer Cases.Deals in Rera Cases . View Full Profile
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NIRAJ KUMAR

ADVOCATE
Exp
East Delhi , Delhi

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Arbitration and Mediation
  • Banking
  • Customs, Excise
  • Oil And Gas
Performance Driven Professional with more than 17 years experience as an advocate and as an In-House Legal Counsel. Expert in Corporate advisory and litigation relating to commercial arbitrations, banking laws and laws related to PNGRB. View Full Profile
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naidu n

Senior Legal Consultant
Exp
Hyderabad , Telangana

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Civil
  • Admiralty and Maritime
  • Banking
  • Consumer Protection
We handle following litigations: Admiralty & Maritime, Arbitration, Banking, Business , Company law, Civil , Construction, consumer law, Corporation, Partnership, Criminal, Finance, Foreclosure, Franchise Law, Government, Insurance, Revenue matters, Shipping, Real Estate, Family, Divorce et., View Full Profile
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Debashish Tandon

Lawyer
Exp
Kolkata , West Bengal

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Criminal
  • Divorce
  • Real Estate
  • Adoption
I am a lawyer with an active litigation experience of more than 11 years in a variety of matters like the Service, Civil, Criminal, Arbitration execution, N.I. Act, Corporate, Labour Laws, property matters. I have experience working in District Court, High Court of Kolkata, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. View Full Profile
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Anilesh Tewari

Advocate, Founder AT Law Chamber
Exp
Lucknow , Uttar Pradesh

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Real Estate
  • Consumer Protection
  • Contracts and Agreements
  • Arbitration and Mediation
Advocate Anilesh Tewari has been practicing and handling cases independently with a result oriented approach, both professionally and ethically and has now acquired many years of professional experience in providing legal consultancy and advisory services. He is an alumni of Jamia Millia Islamia. View Full Profile
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Sampa Ghosh

Advocate
Exp
Kolkata , West Bengal

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Divorce
  • Criminal
  • Property
  • Administrative Law
Expertise In Civil & Criminal Cases & Passionate to work in Supreme Court Cases. View Full Profile
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Kishan Dutt Kalaskar Retired Judge

Retired Judge
Exp
Bangalore , Karnataka

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Civil
  • Criminal
  • Divorce
  • Domestic Violence
Retired Judge 20 years service as Judge in different capacities. Read and prepared Head Notes for more than 10,000 judgments of different High Courts and Supreme Court. Head Notes published by various Law Publishers. Now preparing Head notes for www.scconline.com. Worked in different capacities an View Full Profile
Total Answers Given : 3842
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Munish kumar Goyal

Advocate
Exp
Ludhiana , Punjab

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Civil
  • Criminal
  • Child Custody
  • Divorce
Advocate Munish Goyal is a Director to a popular law firm "M/s Munish Goyal & Associate Lawyers" of North India and famous in all India. Adv. Munish is an Empanelled lawyer for many Central and State Government Departments and also an empanel lawyer for banking, non banking and financial institution View Full Profile
Total Answers Given : 78
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Common Questions for Cheque Bounce

  • What is cheque bounce?
  • What are the ways or reasons that a cheque can bounce for?
  • What happens when there is cheque bounce?
  • Who is liable to pay in case of Cheque bounce?
  • What is legal recourse for cheque bounce for the payee and for the payer?
  • What is the maximum penalty and punishment for cheque bounce?
  • Can out of court settlement happen in case of cheque bounce case?
  • Will cheque bounce case still hold good when the issuer has gone bankrupt?
  • Can I pay the amount while the case is going on, and get the case closed?
  • Will marking a cheque STOP amount to cheque bounce?
  • Can I get arrested for cheque bounce?


Cheque bounce stall the normal transactions in commercial world and thus hinders the growth in business. Since it affects the business cycle in a big way, so the lawmakers have made the cheque bounce as criminal offence and punishable act.

Vidhikarya will help you find a most suitable lawyer, for you in your city, who will be able to answer all your cheque bounce related queries, whether you are the issuer of the cheque or payee, and also guide you on how to resolve this matter with ease.

About the Cheque Bounce Laws


A bounced cheque or a dishonoured cheque is a situation wherein the payer’s Bank abstains from making the payment to the payee for different reasons like mismatch in the signature/account number, insufficient funds in drawer’s account, etc. Bouncing of cheques is a statutory offence (criminal offence), and there are legal conditions to be followed in the event of a cheque bounce.

Once a cheque bounce has happened and the payee has initiated a case then the defaulter has no option but to either pay the amount with in the stipulated time or else defend the case in the court. In either case he has to engage a lawyer to help him sail through this legal tangle.

So, what Vidhikarya can do for you is that it will help you in finding and engaging a right and suitable lawyer for your cause.

We at Vidhikarya endeavour to help you and assist you in finding the right lawyer in your city or otherwise so that you can go ahead and peacefully get your legal matter resolved. You do not have to worry on how to hire a lawyer or find an advocate for your matter. You can simply dump the question of “find an advocate in my city” to Vidhikarya and just relax.

What the cheque bounce law is and what it does?


Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act 1881
Section 138 of the N.I. Act makes dishonour of cheque for insufficiency of funds a statutory offence. As per this provision, bouncing of any cheque issued for a legally enforceable debt or liability can be a ground for a lawsuit with certain conditions.

Conditions for applicability of Section 138 of N.I. Act
Cheque must be drawn within a period of three months from the date it’s drawn or within the period of its validity, depending on whichever date is earlier.

The holder (one who was supposed to get the money after depositing the cheque) has to demand for the payment of the bounced cheque within 30 days from the day when he was made aware about the return of the concerned cheque as unpaid.

The drawer of the cheque must have failed to make payment of the concerned amount to the payee within 15 days from the date of receiving the ‘Notice’ spoken of in the above point.

The debt must be a legally enforceable debt, the burden of proof of proving the illegality of the debt lies on the drawer of the cheque.

What are the applicable laws to Cheque bounce?


Indian Penal Code, 1860
Section 420 of the Indian Penal Code may be attracted:

Supreme Court in the case of ‘Sangeetaben Mahendrabhai Patel v. State of Gujrat’ has held that simultaneous proceedings under Section 138 of the N.I. Act and Section 420 of the Indian Penal Code(IPC) for a case of cheque bounce is permissible.

However, the dishonest or malafide intention has to be shown by the prosecution to invoke a case under Section 420 of the IPC for an instance of cheque bounce, and this provision does not deal with recovery of money.

Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act 1881
Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act is applicable to cheque bounce case. In fact, this Section of N I Act was specifically enacted to curb the rising cases of cheque bounce which was creating unnecessary roadblocks to the businesses.

Some important facts and cases about and under Cheque Bounce law


The Offence under the Cheque Bounce is compoundable
The offence punishable under Section 138 of the Act of 1881 is primarily related to a civil wrong and the Amendment [The Negotiable Instruments (Amendment and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 2002] of 2002 specifically made it compoundable.

The Hon’ble Supreme Court in Damodar S. Prabhu v. Sayed Babalal H., (2010) 5 SCC 663, held that the Accused could make an Application for compounding at the first or second hearing in which case the Court ought to allow the same. If such Application is made later, the Accused is required to pay higher amount towards cost etc. It was also held compounding could not be permitted merely by unilateral payment, without the consent of both the parties.

No need of “mens rea” or guilty mind to be proved
In Mayuri Pulse Mills v. Union of India, Court held that for an offence under Section 138 of N.I. Act, mens rea is not essential as the section brings into operation the rule of strict liability.

Jurisdiction for filing a cheque bounce case
In Dashrath Rupsingh Rathod v. State of Maharashtra it was held that a complaint regarding “dishonour of a cheque” can be filed only in the Court within whose local jurisdiction the offence was committed, i.e., where cheque was dishonoured.

Technical Reasons can not be grounds for Cheque Bounce case
Reason for the bouncing of cheque should not be of a technical nature, as technical irregularities are not covered by the provisions of Section 138 of the N.I. Act. For example, bouncing of a cheque due to incorrect date entered, or due to discrepancy between amount in words and figures, not being in MICR form, etc.

Important Procedures under Cheque Bounce law


  1. Cheque must be presented to the bank for payment within a period of three months (earlier it was 6 months) from the date mentioned on the cheque.
  2. In case the cheque gets bounced, the holder of the cheque should ask the payer or issuer for the payment by giving a legal notice to the drawer in writing within 30 days of the receipt of information of non-payment by the bank.
  3. Even after receipt of notice if the drawer of the cheque fails to make the payment within the stipulated time, which is 15 days from the receipt of notice then the cheque holder or the payee can move the court.

Reliefs available under Cheque Bounce Laws


Fine and Punishment under Section 138 of the N.I. Act
Punishment for the above-mentioned offence is a fine which may extend to twice the amount of the original cheque or imprisonment for a term which may be up to two years or both.

Interim Compensation can be ordered
Court can pass an order to pay interim compensation during the pendency of the court. (This law is getting enacted)

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Top Responding Lawyers
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