Menu
keyboard_backspace
Consult and get Expert Advice on Cheque Bounce Laws matters from the best Cheque Bounce Lawyers in India. Let us know your requirement we will help you to find the best Lawyer suited for your matter within your budget.

Get Expert Advice Online
from Top Lawyers
in India

Read Blogs to get more Insights

HOW TO OBTAIN A LEGAL HEIR CERTIFICATE IN INDIA?

HOW TO OBTAIN A LEGAL HEIR CERTIFICATE IN INDIA ?After a sudden demise of a family member, his/her legal heirs must obtain a legal heir certificate in order for transferring the assets of the deceased. In order to establish the relationship between the deceased and his/her legal heirs legal heir certificate is a very important document. After obtaining the death certificate from municipality/ municipal corporation, it is necessary for the successors to apply for this legal heir certificate in order to claim their right over the properties and dues of the deceased person. Generally, a lawyer helps to draft and register a legal heir certificate. WHO ARE LEGAL HEIRS? The persons hereinafter mentioned are considered to be the legal heirs and can claim a legal heir certificate in India : 1. Parents of the deceased2. Siblings of the deceased 3. Spouse of the deceased4. Children of the deceased HOW LEGAL HEIR CERTIFICATES ARE DIFFERENT FROM SUCCESSION CERTIFICATES? Legal heir certificates are different from a succession certificate and has its own limitations.• Legal heir certificates can be used in matters such as claiming employee benefits, insurance claims and for property claims. • Unlike Indian Succession act a legal heir certificate is not a conclusive proof under the law of succession in India USES OF LEGAL HEIR CERTIFICATESA legal heir certificate identifies the rightful successors who can claim the assets/properties of the deceased person.To lay a claim over a deceased person’s property all eligible successors must have this certificate for :1. Claiming insurance2. Sanctioning and processing family pension of the deceased employee. 3. Transferring the deceased person’s assets and properties to his /her successors. 4. Receiving dues such as gratuity, provident fund etc from the government. 5. Receiving salary arrears of the deceased. 6. Gaining employment based on compassionate appointments. PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING LEGAL HEIR CERTIFICATETo obtain Legal Heir certificate You must approach the area/Taluk Thasildar, or from the corporation/municipality office of your area, and also the District civil court. The certificate names all legal heirs of the deceased person and will be issued to you only after a proper enquiry. To obtain a Legal Heir Certificate you must follow the steps listed below:1. APPROACH THE TALUK OFFICEThe applicant has to visit the Tehsildar or Taluk office. An alternate option is when the he chooses to approach a lawyer from the District Civil Court.2. RECEIVE THE APPLICATION FORMThe applicant will have to obtain the application form from the concerned Tehsildar officer.3. ENTER THE DETAILSThe applicant then will have to enter all the required details in the application form.4. ATTACH THE DOCUMENTSOnce all the details are entered, the applicant will have to attach all the mandatory documents to the application form.5. AFFIXING STAMPThe applicant will have to to affix a stamp of Rs. 2 in the application form.6.SUBMIT THE APPLICATIONOnes this is done, he applicant has to furnish the application form to the authorized officer in the Tehsildar office.7. VERIFICATION PROCESSThereafter the application is verified by the Village Administrative Officer and Revenue Inspector.8. ISSUING THE CERTIFICATEAfter completing all the verification processes, the certificate will then be issued by the concerned authority mentioning all the legal heirs of the deceased. Generally it takes 30 days to obtain a Legal Heir Certificate but you have to approach the Revenue Division Officer (RDO) or the sub collector if there is an unnecessary delay or the concerned authorities fails to respond.REQUIRED DOCUMENTS TO OBTAIN A LEGAL HEIR CERTIFICATEThe following documents are required to be submitted to the appropriate authority in order to obtain a legal heir certificate: • Signed application form•Identity/address proof of the applicant( voter id/ Aadhar card/driving licence/passport or any other government issued identity card) • A self undertaking affidavit• Death certificate of the deceased• Address proof of the deceased( any valid identity proof or telephone/mobile bill, gas bill, bank passbook with the name and address of the deceased) • Date of birth proof of all the legal heirs. ( Birth certificate , school transfer/leaving certificate, PAN card, passport, etc)

Posted By

Sayaree Ganguly

4 days ago

MATERNITY BENEFITS AND THE NEW CHANGES

MATERNITY BENEFITS AND THE NEW CHANGES. Maternity relates to a state of being a mother. Maternity leave is given to a woman who is pregnant and is allowed to be absent from work in the weeks before and after she gives birth to a child.In this blog, I shall be discussing about the maternity benefits and the new changes that has been introduced in the present era.INTRODUCTION Today there are plenty of women employees ballooned within the markets in India. It was obvious and the need for maternity benefits became an increasingly common trend which is initiated for the well- being of the mother and her child. It was in 1961, that the Maternity Benefit Act 1961, which aimed at regulating equal benefits for women employees was passed by the then Indian Government. There were several international organizations which recommended a maternity leave for minimum 24 weeks for the welfare of both the mother and the child.THE AMENDMENTThe Maternity Bill is an amendment to the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961. It was passed in the Rajya Sabha on August 11, 2016; on March 09, 2017 in Lok Sabha and finally received an assent from the President of India on March 27, 2017.It is from April 1, 2017 that the provisions of The Maternity Benefit Act, 2017 are effective.The Maternity Benefit Act 1961 had laws to protect the employment of a women during her maternity period and she got entitled to maternity benefit which means full paid absence from work so that she can take care of her child. This Act is applicable to all the establishments employing 10 or more employees. NEED FOR MATERNITY BENEFITS1.    The foremost reason for availing maternity benefits is to help a new mother adjust with her new role and to protect the health of the mother along with the well-being of the child.2.    Moreover, maternity leave is essential for strengthening families and also helps in inculcating the right values in infants.3.    In this competitive world where both the spouse have to work for a decent living, the fact remains unavoidable that this situation has led to more women joining the work field and thus they have to juggle multiple roles in the family.Thus, Maternity leave and other such benefits permit women to play various roles like providing financial support to the family and also allowing them to stay at home in between the formative years of the child. APPLICABILITYThis act is applied to all the women who work in an establishment having 10 or more employees, engaged directly or through a consultant. Dismissal of a pregnant woman is considered unlawful. In case any employer dismisses a female employee on the grounds of pregnancy and is found guilty of doing so shall be punished under section 12 of the Maternity Benefit Act, 2017. DURATION OF LEAVEThis Act increases the length of the paid maternity leaves to 26 weeks from 12 weeks and this period is applied to women nurturing their first or second child. In case a women is expecting her third child or higher will get a paid maternity leave for a period of 12 weeks which is further split in the form of 6 weeks pre- delivery and 6 weeks post-delivery.This act now is even applicable to adoptive mothers and so every such mother is liable to receive 12 weeks of paid maternity leave.To add to the benefits, this act has even introduced a new option which is ‘work from home’ options for the new mother. Through this, women can opt to work from home as per the requirement after the stipulated time period of 26 weeks. CRECHES FACILITYThis act makes it compulsory for factories and shops which have employed more than 50 women to have within the factory a crèche facility and women employed in the establishment should be permitted to use this facility at least four times in a day. AWARENESSThis act makes it mandatory for the shop owners and employers to create awareness about the benefits and ensures that the eligible women get their rights and all such information must be made accessible to employees either in writing or electronically. MAJOR CHANGES IN THE PRESENT ERA·      The duration of paid maternity has been increased now from 12 weeks to 26 weeks.·      The accessibility to the paid leave has now been extended to eight weeks before the expected due date instead of the previous six weeks.·      This benefit has now been extended to commissioning and adoptive mothers.·      ‘Work from home’ option has been introduced which can be opted after the expiry of the paid leave period for which terms and conditions have to be negotiated by the employer.·       It is now compulsory for the establishments having more than 50 employees to have an in-house crèche facility.·      Women have permission to use the crèche facility for a maximum of four times a day.·      Education of women about their rights to such benefits is now mandatory. SIGNIFICANCEThe paid leave has been extended from 12 weeks to 26 weeks which is a welcome change that goes in line with the commended time for such leave as prescribed by the World Health Organization (WHO). This extension eventually helps in nurturing the healthy development of both the new mother and the infant. Also, as per the latest amendment in accordance with practice suggested by the Maternity Protection Convention, 2000 which further indicates at least 14 weeks of maternity benefits for a new mother. Moreover this change in the present era has helped to improve India’s rank concerning benefits provided to mothers. India now ranks third worldwide after Canada and Norway in the number of benefits provided to women. DISADVANTAGES·      Many scientists believe that these changes encourages patriarchy as it shifts the responsibility of childbearing towards the mother.·      Many firms do not allow women to apply for job vacancies as they will eventually have to extend these privileges to them at the time of childbirth and thus this has an adverse impact to the job opportunities available to women.·      In many cases it is found that such provisions lack clarity and thus, making implementation becomes difficult.CONCLUSIONDespite of the fact that the maternity benefits available to women is increasing and is a welcome step, the government needs to make sure that the industries do not lose their competitiveness because of such provisions. In case the government could help in bringing about more uniformity in labo laws involving maternity benefits, it would result in serving women all over India in handling responsibilities entitled to them.     

Posted By

Neha Roy

4 days ago

{{ item.meta_value }}, {{ item.meta_key }}

Consult Top Cheque Bounce Expert Lawyer in India

Mural Krishnan Sanjeevi

Advocate
Exp
Chennai , Tamil Nadu

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Divorce
  • Muslim Laws
  • Child Custody
  • Civil
Am 10 years experienced lawyer in all the legal matters. My goal is to provide the best legal and practical solutions to my clients. My are of practice are Arbitration, Anticipatory Bail, Bail , consumer dispute, Divorce. View Full Profile
Total Answers Given : 28

Precinct Legal

Partner
Exp
Bangalore , Karnataka

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Bankruptcy and Debt
  • Civil
  • Contracts and Agreements
  • Corporate and Incorporation
Precinct Legal is a full service law firm based out of Bangalore catering to all the legal needs, be it litigation or corporate. View Full Profile

Ravinderreddy Advocate

Advocate
Exp
Hyderabad , Telangana

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Criminal
  • Administrative Law
  • Adoption
  • Arbitration And Mediation
I am practicing in high court of Telangana at Hyderabad civil criminal writ petition all type cases View Full Profile

naidu n

Senior Legal Consultant
Exp
Hyderabad , Telangana

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Civil
  • Admiralty and Maritime
  • Banking
  • Consumer Protection
We handle following litigations: Admiralty & Maritime, Arbitration, Banking, Business , Company law, Civil , Construction, consumer law, Corporation, Partnership, Criminal, Finance, Foreclosure, Franchise Law, Government, Insurance, Revenue matters, Shipping, Real Estate, Family, Divorce et., View Full Profile

Anilesh Tewari

Advocate, Founder AT Law Chamber
Exp
Lucknow , Uttar Pradesh

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Real Estate
  • Consumer Protection
  • Contracts and Agreements
  • Arbitration and Mediation
Advocate Anilesh Tewari has been practicing and handling cases independently with a result oriented approach, both professionally and ethically and has now acquired many years of professional experience in providing legal consultancy and advisory services. He is an alumni of Jamia Millia Islamia. View Full Profile

Munish kumar Goyal

Advocate
Exp
Ludhiana , Punjab

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Civil
  • Criminal
  • Child Custody
  • Divorce
Munish Goyal has more than 5 years of experience in handling matters related to Civil Laws and Criminal Laws, among other areas. He is enrolled with the Bar Council of Punjab and Haryana since 2013, and resides in Khanna / Ludhiana. Advocate Munish Goyal is well regarded in the legal community. View Full Profile
Total Answers Given : 4

Rajender Prasad

Lawyer
Exp
New Delhi , Delhi

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Civil
  • Partnership
Civil & Criminal matters View Full Profile
Total Answers Given : 623

Neeraj Kumar

Advocate
Exp
Patna , Bihar

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Employment and Labour
  • Bankruptcy and Debt
  • Contracts and Agreements
  • Consumer Protection
I am a practicing Advocate at Patna High Court & Delhi High Court having experiences in handling the cases related with Family Disputes, Property Disputes, Service Matters and also the matter related under SARFAESI Act. Apart from the above I am having experiences in Consumer and Labor Cases too. View Full Profile
Total Answers Given : 126

Pavamani Mary Gladys

Formerly worked as principal o
Exp
Kozhikode , Kerala

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • --Select--
  • Will
  • Child Custody
  • Animal Laws
Total Answers Given : 5

Shabnam Vandeliwala

Advocate
Exp
Surat , Gujarat

Specialization

  • Cheque Bounce
  • Real Estate
  • Administrative Law
  • IT Contracts
  • Landlord And Tenant
I'm a litigating advocate in surat with a standing experience of 2 years. My area of expertise lies in cheque bouncing matters. I also litigate in Civil and Property disputes. I have a good hang of arbitration matters too View Full Profile
Total Answers Given : 2
Not Sure Whom to Consult ?
We will help you to find the best lawyer as per your budget !
Post Your Matter to explore various options.
Need Legal Advice
Connect with Expert Lawyers to Resolve
Your Legal Matter

Common Questions for Cheque Bounce

  • What is cheque bounce?
  • What are the ways or reasons that a cheque can bounce for?
  • What happens when there is cheque bounce?
  • Who is liable to pay in case of Cheque bounce?
  • What is legal recourse for cheque bounce for the payee and for the payer?
  • What is the maximum penalty and punishment for cheque bounce?
  • Can out of court settlement happen in case of cheque bounce case?
  • Will cheque bounce case still hold good when the issuer has gone bankrupt?
  • Can I pay the amount while the case is going on, and get the case closed?
  • Will marking a cheque STOP amount to cheque bounce?
  • Can I get arrested for cheque bounce?


Cheque bounce stall the normal transactions in commercial world and thus hinders the growth in business. Since it affects the business cycle in a big way, so the lawmakers have made the cheque bounce as criminal offence and punishable act.

Vidhikarya will help you find a most suitable lawyer, for you in your city, who will be able to answer all your cheque bounce related queries, whether you are the issuer of the cheque or payee, and also guide you on how to resolve this matter with ease.

About the Cheque Bounce Laws


A bounced cheque or a dishonoured cheque is a situation wherein the payer’s Bank abstains from making the payment to the payee for different reasons like mismatch in the signature/account number, insufficient funds in drawer’s account, etc. Bouncing of cheques is a statutory offence (criminal offence), and there are legal conditions to be followed in the event of a cheque bounce.

Once a cheque bounce has happened and the payee has initiated a case then the defaulter has no option but to either pay the amount with in the stipulated time or else defend the case in the court. In either case he has to engage a lawyer to help him sail through this legal tangle.

So, what Vidhikarya can do for you is that it will help you in finding and engaging a right and suitable lawyer for your cause.

We at Vidhikarya endeavour to help you and assist you in finding the right lawyer in your city or otherwise so that you can go ahead and peacefully get your legal matter resolved. You do not have to worry on how to hire a lawyer or find an advocate for your matter. You can simply dump the question of “find an advocate in my city” to Vidhikarya and just relax.

What the cheque bounce law is and what it does?


Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act 1881
Section 138 of the N.I. Act makes dishonour of cheque for insufficiency of funds a statutory offence. As per this provision, bouncing of any cheque issued for a legally enforceable debt or liability can be a ground for a lawsuit with certain conditions.

Conditions for applicability of Section 138 of N.I. Act
Cheque must be drawn within a period of three months from the date it’s drawn or within the period of its validity, depending on whichever date is earlier.

The holder (one who was supposed to get the money after depositing the cheque) has to demand for the payment of the bounced cheque within 30 days from the day when he was made aware about the return of the concerned cheque as unpaid.

The drawer of the cheque must have failed to make payment of the concerned amount to the payee within 15 days from the date of receiving the ‘Notice’ spoken of in the above point.

The debt must be a legally enforceable debt, the burden of proof of proving the illegality of the debt lies on the drawer of the cheque.

What are the applicable laws to Cheque bounce?


Indian Penal Code, 1860
Section 420 of the Indian Penal Code may be attracted:

Supreme Court in the case of ‘Sangeetaben Mahendrabhai Patel v. State of Gujrat’ has held that simultaneous proceedings under Section 138 of the N.I. Act and Section 420 of the Indian Penal Code(IPC) for a case of cheque bounce is permissible.

However, the dishonest or malafide intention has to be shown by the prosecution to invoke a case under Section 420 of the IPC for an instance of cheque bounce, and this provision does not deal with recovery of money.

Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act 1881
Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act is applicable to cheque bounce case. In fact, this Section of N I Act was specifically enacted to curb the rising cases of cheque bounce which was creating unnecessary roadblocks to the businesses.

Some important facts and cases about and under Cheque Bounce law


The Offence under the Cheque Bounce is compoundable
The offence punishable under Section 138 of the Act of 1881 is primarily related to a civil wrong and the Amendment [The Negotiable Instruments (Amendment and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 2002] of 2002 specifically made it compoundable.

The Hon’ble Supreme Court in Damodar S. Prabhu v. Sayed Babalal H., (2010) 5 SCC 663, held that the Accused could make an Application for compounding at the first or second hearing in which case the Court ought to allow the same. If such Application is made later, the Accused is required to pay higher amount towards cost etc. It was also held compounding could not be permitted merely by unilateral payment, without the consent of both the parties.

No need of “mens rea” or guilty mind to be proved
In Mayuri Pulse Mills v. Union of India, Court held that for an offence under Section 138 of N.I. Act, mens rea is not essential as the section brings into operation the rule of strict liability.

Jurisdiction for filing a cheque bounce case
In Dashrath Rupsingh Rathod v. State of Maharashtra it was held that a complaint regarding “dishonour of a cheque” can be filed only in the Court within whose local jurisdiction the offence was committed, i.e., where cheque was dishonoured.

Technical Reasons can not be grounds for Cheque Bounce case
Reason for the bouncing of cheque should not be of a technical nature, as technical irregularities are not covered by the provisions of Section 138 of the N.I. Act. For example, bouncing of a cheque due to incorrect date entered, or due to discrepancy between amount in words and figures, not being in MICR form, etc.

Important Procedures under Cheque Bounce law


  1. Cheque must be presented to the bank for payment within a period of three months (earlier it was 6 months) from the date mentioned on the cheque.
  2. In case the cheque gets bounced, the holder of the cheque should ask the payer or issuer for the payment by giving a legal notice to the drawer in writing within 30 days of the receipt of information of non-payment by the bank.
  3. Even after receipt of notice if the drawer of the cheque fails to make the payment within the stipulated time, which is 15 days from the receipt of notice then the cheque holder or the payee can move the court.

Reliefs available under Cheque Bounce Laws


Fine and Punishment under Section 138 of the N.I. Act
Punishment for the above-mentioned offence is a fine which may extend to twice the amount of the original cheque or imprisonment for a term which may be up to two years or both.

Interim Compensation can be ordered
Court can pass an order to pay interim compensation during the pendency of the court. (This law is getting enacted)

Request a Callback for Legal Help


In case you want us to call you back to understand your legal problem then please submit your details with a brief description of the legal issue that you have. We will call you back.

Name must be provided !

Email must be provided !

Invalid Phone Number !

Details must be provided !

Want a Quick Legal Advice From Expert Lawyer
Call us at this number for Legal Help at an affordable price
7604047601
Legal Advice Anytime Anywhere

The most trusted and relied upon partner for hiring lawyers for any kind of legal services.

Not Sure Whom to Consult ?
We will help you to find the best lawyer as per your budget !
Post Your Matter to explore various options.
Need a Lawyer for Your Case ?
Get the best Lawyer
for your Case
Client Testimonials

Top Responding Lawyers
on Cheque Bounce Laws

Experience: 33 Year(s)
Retired Judge
Bangalore
Experience: 9 Year(s)
Lawyer and legal associate
Nanded
Experience: 2 Year(s)
As a advocate
Aurangabad
Experience: 22 Year(s)
Advocate
Bhubaneswar
Experience: 9 Year(s)
Adv.Ambrose Leo Associates & Legal Consultants
Bangalore
Experience: 5 Year(s)
Lawyer
New Delhi
Experience: 19 Year(s)
Advocate
Bangalore
Experience: 15 Year(s)
Advocate High Court
Kolkata
Experience: 11 Year(s)
Attorney
South Delhi
Experience: 2 Year(s)
Advocate
New Delhi
Experience: 3 Year(s)
Criminal Lawyer
Faridabad
Experience: 14 Year(s)
Advocate and Legal Counsel
Kolkata
Experience: 15 Year(s)
Advocate
Panipat
Experience: 1 Year(s)
Advocate
Kolkata
Experience: 18 Year(s)
Advocate / Trial Advocate
Tirunelveli
Experience: 15 Year(s)
Advocate High Court
Allahabad
Experience: 1 Year(s)
Legal Advisor
New Delhi
Experience: 17 Year(s)
Advocate
Patna
Experience: 4 Year(s)
Advocate
Faridabad
Experience: 17 Year(s)
Advocate
Thiruvananthapuram
Experience: 38 Year(s)
SENIOR LAWYER
Jabalpur
Experience: 18 Year(s)
Advocate
Chennai
Experience: 5 Year(s)
ADVOCATE
Howrah
Experience: 12 Year(s)
Advocate
Thane
Experience: 30 Year(s)
Senior Lawyer
Mumbai City
Talk to a Lawyer
Post Your Matter
Request Callback
Contact Us