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HOW AN INDIAN CAN IMMIGRATE TO OTHER COUNTRIES

HOW AN INDIAN CAN IMMIGRATE TO OTHER COUNTRIESThe International movement of people into a country of which they are not natives and do not possess citizenship is called Immigration.In this blog I shall discuss the process of how an Indian can immigrate to other countries.INTRODUCTIONAfter globalization, large number of people started migrating to other countries for better economic, political and social stability. Basically, immigration means movement of people from one country to another for long term settlement. Nevertheless, the main challenge for the migrants is to take on citizenship of the host country and to acquire the fundamental rights of that particular country.In case you are thinking of moving to a different country, you must consider the following:·      What it means to live abroad·      The best and easiest countries to immigrate to·      General procedures and guidelines for moving abroad·      Common consideration and restrictions for prospective immigrants·      Pros and Cons of living abroad for long term or permanent basis.ENTRY/RESIDENT VISASA Visa is basically a government issued document that permits the foreign national bearer to remain in the issuing country for a particular purpose and for a particular period. Visas has different purpose such as leisure tourism, medical travel, medical/journalism, cultural exchange, entrepreneurship/investment, employment and many more. The type of Visa required shows the bearer’s purpose. Likewise a student studying abroad needs a student visa or a person seeking employment needs a worker visa. Similarly the expiration period of a Visa depends on its purpose. Tourism visas typically expires after a month whereas a student Visa remains in force for several months and workers visa can last for several years.PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUSPermanent resident status is typically denoted by a particular identification card and is given to individuals who are authorized to live and work indefinitely within the issuing country. For qualifying for permanent residency an individual needs to have a clean criminal record; continuous residence record for a year at least. Moreover, some of the immigrant classes can sometimes ignore this requirement or a demonstrated means of support. You might also go through language or culture exam. Though permanent resident cards have fixed expiration dates, it is not automatically lost at expiration. In case you leave and later re-enter the country as a permanent resident, you need to acquire special re- entry documents.Permanent residents are not considered as citizens and thus they do not receive passports and cannot frequently vote or hold public offices and can also be barred from certain public sector jobs which require high security clearances. CITIZENSHIPAfter you have been residing as a permanent resident for several years you get an option to apply for citizenship. Citizenship enables you to get most or all of the benefits and rights which are given to natural born citizens. They also get entitled to passports that allow them to enter and exit the country at will.It generally include the followings:·      Passing a language exam·      Passing a test of political, historical, and cultural knowledge·      Holding a valid visa or residency permit at the time of application·      Having a clean criminal record·      Taking an oath of citizenship ·      Renouncing prior citizenship, unless your adopted country recognizes dual citizenship for naturalized citizenship.POLITICALLY STABLE COUNTRIES- IMMIGRATION POLICIES AND PROCEDURESNational immigration policies are subject to frequent changes and are highly complex and thus vary widely from country to country. However, there are number of countries which are politically stable and have developed reputation for consistently liberal and straightforward immigration policies.Following countries with all rituals and traditions welcome immigrants in large numbers, defines clear and straightforward rules and expectations for immigrants who wants to live and work there on a long term or permanent basis, and thus makes it easy and possible for non-native-born individuals to become a citizen.1.    Canada2.    Australia3.    New Zealand4.    Singapore5.    Brazil6.    GermanyREQUIREMENTS AND CONSIDERATIONS FOR PROSPECTIVE IMMIGRANTS1.    Predominant/Official LanguageIn immigrant friendly countries like Canada and Australia, English is considered to be the official or dominant language. In countries like that of Singapore, English is spoken widely enough and thus it is not necessary to become fluent in other local languages. But for countries like Brazil and Argentina where many locals cannot communicate in English it is necessary to learn the local language.2.    Local Politics and PolicyPolitics and policy vary widely in every country whether in democratic or economically liberal countries. These factors adversely affects the cost and availability of critical services like healthcare, state benefits and education. These factors are specifically important for members of particular classes or groups whose unions are not legally identified in their adopted countries.3.    ReligionNot every country protects its own religious expression in expansive fashion forbid the government from preferring one religion over another. In case you are a religious person and you have planned to move to a country where your religion in not in practice then in that case do some research to find out whether you will be allowed for citizenship or permanent residence. Alternatively, be prepared for the life changes that you might find unacceptable.4.    Customs and LawsIt is necessary to review and familiarize oneself with the laws of any country to which you have made up your mind to move in. You need to pay special attention to legal practices and spend time in learning local customs.5.    Crime and SafetyDespite you follow the laws of the adopted country, you cannot rely on your fellow compatriots to do the same. Thus the local crime rate is an important consideration. You need to pay special attention to violent crimes and property crime. 6.    Cost of livingThis is one of the most important consideration before moving to another country and especially when you plan to live on a tight personal budget.  GENERAL PROCEDURES AND COSTS FOR MOVING TO ANOTHER COUNTRY 1)    RESEARCH POTENTIAL DESTINATIONSThe foremost thing before moving to any other country is going through serious research by using credible resources to find out a handful of possible destinations. You need to make yourself familiar with every destination’s culture, economy, history and politics. If possible do visit the places shortlisted for a week or as long as you can afford. Try staying in a residential neighborhood instead of tourist area to get a sense of the place’s day to day rhythms.2)    TALK TO AMERICAN INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS ABROADIt is advised to get in contact with the American expats who are currently residing in your preferred destination to get a hint of what life is like outside. In case you do not have personal network who have lived outside to your preferred destination, you can go for expats online.3)    LOOK FOR A JOB OR OTHER OCCUPATIONYou need to start looking for work, or building out your business plan or applying to universities as early as possible. Provided that your present employer is not willing to sponsor you, then in that case you can contact an International recruiter. There are many international recruiters who do not charge job seekers for placement but rely on fees paid by client employers. 4)    ADDRESS KEY LOGISTICAL ISSUESAfter selecting your destination country, you need to start addressing major logistical issues related to the move:·      Exiting U.S. Housing- You need to settle into new accommodation with minimal disruption·      Finding Foreign Housing- There are various options and thus you need to spend time researching rental options or month to month lease options prior to your move.·      Moving Possessions- It is not at all easy to move bulky items overseas and thus can be a costly hassle. Therefore, it is advised to sell most of the items and save only those items which have some sentimental value. Nevertheless, you can purchase replacements after you arrive at your destination.5)    APPLY FOR THE APPROPRIATE ENTRY CREDENTIALAs discussed earlier, you need to apply for visa which permits you to stay on a temporary basis depending on the type of visa you have. Also, you need to pay attention to any special requirements which can affect your eligibility for a specific visa.6)    REMAIN IN COMPLIANCE WITH ENTRY CREDENTIAL REQUIREMENTS AND LOCAL/U.S. LAWSIf you want to live in your adopted country on a long term or permanent basis, then for that you need to renew your visa or apply for a new one at multiple junctures. Many times it may happen that you will have to leave your adopted country and return after securing approval. To get rid of these you can apply for permanent resident status as soon as you get permission to do so. And thus you need to remain in compliance with the adopted country’s laws as its failure can lead to risk of deportation.7)    APPLY FOR PERMANENT RESIDENCYAfter living for a year or two, when you finally decide to make your permanent home there, then in that case you can apply for permanent residency. Well, applying for permanent residency is comparatively much costlier.8)    APPLY FOR CITIZENSHIPYou can apply for citizenship in your adopted country after you finally decide to reside there permanently and want to enjoy the natural born rights in your adopted country. The cost of applying for citizenship varies from country to country. ADVANTAGES OF IMMIGRATION·      Ample opportunities to learn and grow.·      Easy access to New, Different and Exotic Attractions·      Lots of Business and Employment Opportunities·      Opportunities to meet new friends and colleagues·      Possibility of better healthcare and education DISADVANTAGES OF IMMIGRATION·      Possibility of losing touch with old friends and family·      Problems in finding and creating productive employment·      Cultural barriers to assimilation·      High real estate costs and restrictions on ownership·      Major lifestyle and routine changesCONCLUSIONWell moving to a new country is not an easy task as life does not always work out as we plan. You can accommodate for time being but it is not compulsory that every individual moving abroad will find comfort or prosperity. Nevertheless, you can always hope for something better and big and look forward for getting bigger opportunities and platforms. Different countries have different norms. Thus it is advised to go through serious research before moving to any new country.   

Posted By

Neha Roy

1 week ago

WHAT IF MATERNITY BENEFITS ARE DENIED?

WHAT CAN HAPPEN IF MATERNITY BENEFITS ARE DENIED?WHAT IS MATERNITY BENEFIT? Maternity benefit is the amount which every woman is entitled to be paid and the employer is liable to pay to her at the rate of average daily wage for the period of her actual absence. It is a payment paid to the woman who is on her maternity leave from work and it is covered under social insurance (PRSI) An application for such payment must be made at least 6 weeks before intending to go for maternity leave. (12 weeks in case of self - employed). If the woman is already on some social welfare payments then she may avail half rate maternity benefits.In India, the maternity benefit rules are governed by the amended maternity benefit act, 2017, which regulates the eligibility, condition and duration for getting maternity benefit. The maternity benefit rules are applicable to factories, shops, mines and establishments which employ 10 or more employees. The maternity benefit law was regulated by the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 previously but it was further amended in the year 2016. The amendments to the act had changed various provisions regarding the applicability and duration of maternity leave in India. The following changes were brought about by the new maternity benefit rules:1.INCREASED DURATION The maternity benefit leaves were previously available to women employees for 12 weeks. Later it was increased to 26 weeks after the 2017 maternity rules. This benefit can be availed in a duration of 8 weeks prior to the expected delivery date and 18weeks after the delivery. 2.CHANGED APPLICABILITYMaternity benefit leave in India is available to both adoptive mothers and commissioning mothers as well. Women employees who adopt a child gets 12 weeks of maternity benefit in India. 3.THE OPTION OF WORK FROM HOME The new maternity benefit rules of 2017 provide pregnant and lactating women with the option of working from home once the maternity benefit leave of 26 weeks expires. The conditions which govern work from home are mutually decided by the women employee and employer. 4.CRECHE FACILITY BY THE EMPLOYER The Maternity Benefit Act, 2017 makes it compulsory for the employers that employ more than 50 employees to provide creche facility in the premises and allow women employees to visit the facility 4 times a day. Even if there are 50 employees including men , such facility should be provided. In cases where there are only male workers even then the employer do away with such facility and must keep a creche whereby a father can take care of his child at ease. WHO IS ELIGIBLE TO GET MATERNITY BENEFIT IN INDIA?The Maternity Benefit Act, 2017 lays down the women employees who are most eligible to get maternity benefit. The act states that the women employees who had worked for at least 80 days in the past 12 months can apply for getting maternity benefits in India. Even the mothers who adopt a child under the age of 3 months are eligible to get a maternity benefit leave for a period of 12 months. A commissioning or a surrogate mother is also entitled to get maternity benefit for 12 weeks. If any woman suffers from a miscarriage then she is entitled to get a maternity benefit for a period of 6 weeks after providing a certificate from the doctor. Also if any women suffer from an illness that is caused due to her pregnancy, premature childbirth or delivery, she shall be entitled to get a maternity benefit of 1 month after providing the doctor’s statement. WHAT TO DO IF MATERNITY BENEFIT IS DENIED BY THE EMPLOYER?An employee’s maternity benefit can never be denied by any employer. If the maternity benefit services are dismissed or denied by your employer, you can take the following steps:-HR DEPARTMENT TO BE CONTACTED - Take your grievances to the HR department of the company. Usually, it is the HR representatives that clear up any confusion or grievance between the employer and the employee. Check the HR policies of the company to know about the company’s stance on maternity benefit. If in case the HR fails to provide any resolution, follow the next step. EMPLOYER TO BE SENT A LEGAL NOTICE - Consult an employment and labour lawyer in India and send a legal notice to your employer regarding the denial of your maternity benefit which is your right. But, still, if the employer doesn’t respond, he can be taken to the court. APPROACH THE LABOUR COURT- Hire an employment and labour lawyer to file a case against your employer in a Labour court. Any employer who denies a women employee’s maternity benefit claim in Indian can be punished with imprisonment for up to 3months, fine for up to Rs. 5000, or both. If you have been dismissed or discharged from your service, then he can be punished with imprisonment for a period of 3-12 months.  It is advised to contact an advocate practicing labour and employment acts if your maternity benefit claims are denied by your employer.         

Posted By

Sayaree Ganguly

2 weeks ago

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  • What is custom and excise law?
  • What is the governing act for customs and excise in India?
  • What is rate of duty on various category of goods?
  • What is period for filing returns by assessee?
  • Who is liable to pay central excise duty?

Custom duties are a source of revenue in India. They are a type of tax, and the governing law for Customs is the Customs Act, 1962.

As per Section 12 of the Customs Act 1962, charges are applied on the imported/exported goods (known as custom duties). The rates of these charges are spoken of in the Customs Tariff Act, 1975. The Union Government can exempt certain goods from the purview of custom duties on the conditions which the Union government deems fit.

As per the Customs Act 1962, a hierarchy of authorities exists for the purposes of adjudicating disputes which can arise between the customs authorities & the exporters/importers. In the 1st instance the adjudication is taken up before officers of the rank of Assistant Commissioner or Joint Commissioner or Additional Commissioner. In specific conditions debate might be arbitrated by a Commissioner. Either party (the assessee and additionally the traditions expert) distressed by a request go by an Assistant Commissioner or Joint Commissioner or Additional Commissioner may document in offer before the investigative specialist known as the Commissioner of Customs (Appeals). A moment claim lies before the Customs Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal. In any case, if in the principal occurrence the question is settled by an officer of the rank of Commissioner, an interest would likewise mislead the Customs Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal. Against requests of the Customs Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal two surges of advances are examined. On the off chance that the issue identifies with either the characterization or valuation of products, an interest deceives the Supreme Court of India. In different cases an interest misleads the jurisdictional High Court. In any case, such an interest to the High Court would just lie if the interest includes a considerable inquiry of law.

Excise taxes unlike customs duties are charges on goods that have been produced within a country. The governing laws for matters concerning excise duties are Central Excise Act 1994, Central Excise Tariff Act 1985, and Central Excise Rules 1944.

Central Excise Act 1994 is the basic law related to the levy and collection of duties of central excise. However this Act does not contain the rate at which duties are imposed. Central Excise Tariff Act 1985 classifies various goods on which central excise duties are levied and prescribes the rates at which the duty is payable.

Central Excise Rules 1944 makes an obligation for all manufacturers of excisable goods to be registered under these rules. The registration is valid a long as production activity continues and no renewals are necessary.

Excise duty is not directly on the goods, but manufactured thereof. Though both excise duty and sales duty levied with reference to goods, the two are very different imposts. In one case, the imposition is on the act of manufactured or production, while in the other it is on the act of sale.

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