While establishing a manufacturing factory and meeting compliance work, a corporations lawyer may assist with all the paperwork. But that is not the exclusive legality to be taken care of. The people who are supposed to be employed to carry out the operations in such factories need to be safeguarded from any kind of exploitation. The Factories Act, 1948 ensures health, safety and welfare of workers in a factory through self explanatory provisions and delegation to concerned authorities. Explore the provisions of the law related to workers in a factory through the blog below.
Every law is brought into force to introduce some kind of regulation targeting a certain niche. There are some stakeholders and their interests. Here, the Indian Factories Act,1948 specifically aims at safeguarding the rights of workers in the following ways:
To understand a given law also requires understanding its scope, i.e. the area which the provisions extend to, the subject matter of action, etc. The pointers below hep understand the same:
Understanding legal terms and definitions might sometimes be troublesome. Breaking the long complex and technical sentences helps understand the crux of what a legal finding actually means. As per section 2 (i) of the Indian Factories Act,1948, the definition of workers include
Section 2 (m) of the Act defines what constitutes a factory mentioned in the above definition. Also, Section 2 (k) explains the ‘manufacturing process’. The idea behind providing clear definitions is to specify the scope which the Factories Act 1948 extends to.
The Indian Factories Act, 1948 specifically deals with the industrial aspects of employment in factories in our country.
The Act is important for defining and focusing upon the following provisions:
Q- Who passed the Factories Act of 1948?
A- The Factories Act, 1948 was passed by the Constituent Assembly of independent India on August 28,1948. The same came into force on April 1, 1949.
Q- What do you mean by Factory Act 1948?
A- The Indian Factories Act, 1948 is a central legislation with a social cause. The very provisions of the Factories Act 1948 ensure health, safety, and welfare of the workers employed in a factory, preventing any kind of exploitation.
Q- What is the importance of Factories Act, 1948?
A- Importance of any law can be estimated through its absence. If there was no Factories Act 1948, people working in factories might be forced to work for long hours, without a break. Their health and safety might be compromised against the projected gains of owners of such factories. Factory workers would not have anyone with whom they could voice their concerns and sufferings. In other words, there would have been only work and no welfare or humane conditions for workers in the absence of Factories Act in India.
Q- What are the rules of the Factory Act?
A- The basic rules to be followed as per the Indian Factories Act, 1948 include proper drainage system, adequate ventilation, temperature, availability of drinking water, safe working premises, etc. There is much more in the scope of Factories Act 1948 empowering the rights of workers in a factory enforceable through an employment lawyer.