Bigamy case - Is male can file bigamy case Bigamy case - Is male can file bigamy case

Is male can file bigamy case?
Is it not a women wish to live with anyone? If she didn't like her husband?
If male files bigamy case, is it easy for female to overcome the case?

Kishan Dutt Kalaskar Retired Judge

Responded 1 month ago

View All Answers
A.Dear Sir,
Section 494 of IPC attracts offence for both male and female.
===============================================================
Section 494 in The Indian Penal Code
494. Marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife.—Whoever, having a husband or wife living, marries in any case in which such marriage is void by reason of its taking place during the life of such husband or wife, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Second marriage during the subsistence of the first marriage is illegal in India and the relationship arising from the same does not have any validity. One of the conditions for a valid marriage under Section 5 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 is that neither of the party should have a spouse living at the time of the marriage. Under Section 11 of the Act, second marriages can be declared null and void.
LAW IN DETAIL………………………….……………….……… …………… …… Bigamy becomes an offence only if the husband or wife is alive. It is an offence even if it is performed with the consent of the first wife. It will not apply, • if the husband or wife of the first marriage is dead or • if the first marriage has been dissolved by a decree of divorce or • the former marriage is void or declared void by a decree of nullity Section 494 of the Indian Penal Code exempts from punishment a second marriage contracted seven years after the absence of the spouse. In Sarla Mudgal v. Union of India (1995 air 1531 SC), the Supreme Court held that, • If a man after renouncing Hindu religion has adopted Muslim religion and he without taking divorce from his wife has married again, then this marriage is not legal. • He will be punished for committing bigamy under section 494 IPC Bigamy is a non-cognizable offence, bailable and compoundable with the permission of the court. It is punishable with imprisonment up to 7 years or fine or both. For the offence of committing bigamy by concealing the fact of the first marriage is punishable with 10 years imprisonment or fine or both. However, this offence committed under section 495 is not compoundable. As for the second wife, though she is not entitled to any kind of right or share in the husband’s property, she can also claim interim maintenance from her husband. In Laxmibai v. Ayodhaya Prasad, it was held that ‘wife’ and ‘husband’ used in Section 24 of the Hindu Marriage Act are not be given strict literal meaning. The expression should mean a person claiming to be wife or a husband. In Rajesh Bai v. Shantabai, it was held that a woman whose marriage is void because of the existence of another wife is entitled to maintenance under section 25 of the Act. Interim maintenance under Section 20 is also allowed. The children from the second wife are entitled to share in their father’s self –acquired property. PROCESS FOR SOLUTION……………………………….………… ……………… Complaint Under which Section ? …………………………… … …………… Only the person aggrieved can complain in case of bigamy. If the aggrieved is the wife, then her father can complain under section 494/495 of the Indian Penal Code. A petition for declaration that the second marriage is void can be filed only by the parties to the marriage and not by the first wife. A complaint can also be filed for cheating under section 415 IPC for fraudulently deceiving the person by keeping the subsistence of the first marriage a secret. Whom to complain / where to complaint? ……………….. …………………… The wife can file a complaint either in the court or in the Police station. How to file the Case ? ………………………… ………………... ………… …… The Supreme Court has laid down that proof of solemnization of second marriage in accordance with the essential religious rites applicable to parties is absolutely essential and a must for conviction for bigamy. Mere admission by the accused is not enough. What Next ? …………………………..………………………... …… ……………… Appeal lies to the next higher court in the hierarchy. ALTERNATE REMEDIES………………………………………..………………… … If the offence is committed under section 494, it can be compounded with the permission of the court.
http://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/women-and-child-development/women-development-1/bigamy

Does a provision differ for different religions?
Even though Indian Penal Code prohibits and punishes for Bigamy, it is necessary that Personal laws in India should prohibit bigamy. We can go through the following Personal laws in India to understand this concept-
1. Hindu Marriage Act– Section 1 of Subsection (a), (b) and (c) states which specific religion and persons come under this Act. Thus, under Section 17 of Hindu Marriage Act, any person considered Hindu according to Section 1 marries again during the life of first husband/wife, shall be punished under Indian Penal Code provision.
2. Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act– Section 5 of this act declares Bigamy null and void or dissolved and imposes a penalty under Section 494 and 495 of Indian Penal Code.
3. Christian Marriage Act– Even though the Christian Marriage Act doesn’t have specific provision for Bigamy, Form of Register Marriage is only for Bachelor/Spinster and Widow/Widower. For Marriage Certificate Section 60 Sub Section (2) states that “neither of the persons intending to be married shall have a wife or husband still living”, and making false oath or declaration is punishable under Section 193 of IPC, this clarifies that more than one marriage will be considered illegal under this act.
4. Special Marriage Act 1954– Section 44 of this act states punishment for Bigamy and imposes a penalty under Section 494 and 495 of Indian Penal Code.
Foreign Marriage Act 1969- Section 19 of this act states punishment for Bigamy and imposes a penalty under Section 494 and 495 of Indian Penal Code.
5. Muslim Marriage Law– There are no codification or specific provisions for this law. It is written in Quran that a Muslim male can marry two, three or four times, if they are capable to treat and respect each wife equally after marriage, if not then only one.
If a person marries more than once under Hindu Marriage Act, Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, Christian Marriage Act, Special Marriage Act and Foreign Marriage Act, he/she will be punished according to Indian Penal Code.
And according to Muslim Marriage law, any Muslim Male committing Bigamy is not invalid and hence not an offence.
Helpful
Helpful
Share

Post Your Matter Post Your Matter

Talk to a Lawyer Talk to a Lawyer

Ask a question Ask a question

Vidhi Samaadhaan Vidhi Samaadhaan

Read Related Answers

question iconHindu Marriage Act
Dear Sir, It is forbidden but if your family members have no objection then u can go ahead but at any future point of time u may have to face trouble.
question iconMy father is 72 yrs old - he is trying to sell our house
Hi Client, If the property is in his name he has all the right to sell the same. However, he has to take care of his wife and son if( he falls under the dependent category). You cannot stop him from s...
question iconCourt Marriage - What is the process
Dear Client Court Marriage in one day 1. Total cost Rs. 12500. no hiden cost. But if bride or groom has UP address then total cost Rs 9000 2. the age of boy should be 21+ and that of girl 18+. 3. Tota...
question iconLesbian marriage
Dear Client Lesbian marriage is not recognised by our indian laws so it becaomes void. Hope it helps.
question iconWife filing false FIR U/S 448, 504, 506
Dear Client It would be better to consult an Advocate directly for this matter. So that case must be handled in a lawful manner. Hope it helps.