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Consult and get Expert Advice on Animal Laws matters from the Animal Lawyers in India.
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Consult Animal Lawyers in India

Aneek   Pandit

Aneek Pandit

Exp
Kolkata , West Bengal

Specialization

  • Animal Laws
  • Civil
  • Power Of Attorney
  • Criminal
  • Consumer Protection
Rajinder Singh Sandhu

Rajinder Singh Sandhu

Exp
Hissar , Haryana

Specialization

  • Animal Laws
  • Maternity
  • Legal Notice
Devender Singh  Rao

Devender Singh Rao

Exp
Rewari , Haryana

Specialization

  • Animal Laws
  • Advertising
  • Debt And Lending Agreement
  • Election Campaign And Political Laws
  • Environment And Natural Resources
asif  shaik

asif shaik

Exp
Prakasam , Andhra Pradesh

Specialization

  • Animal Laws
  • Advertising
  • Debt and Lending Agreement
  • Election Campaign and Political Laws
  • Environment and Natural Resources
Naasha  Anklesaria

Naasha Anklesaria

Exp
Ernakulam , Kerala

Specialization

  • Animal Laws
  • Financial Markets and Services
  • Advertising
  • Customs, Excise
  • Debt Collection
Kiran Dhanraj Kumawat

Kiran Dhanraj Kumawat

Exp
Dhule , Maharashtra

Specialization

  • Animal Laws
  • Civil
  • Privacy
  • Insurance
DIWAKAR  JHA

DIWAKAR JHA

Exp
Banka , Bihar

Specialization

  • Animal Laws
  • Advertising
  • Debt and Lending Agreement
  • Election Campaign and Political Laws
  • Environment and Natural Resources
Nayagam  M S

Nayagam M S

Exp
Chennai , Tamil Nadu

Specialization

  • Animal Laws
  • Advertising
  • Debt And Lending Agreement
  • Election Campaign And Political Laws
  • Environment And Natural Resources
PREMA KRISHNA MOORTHY

PREMA KRISHNA MOORTHY

Exp
Chennai , Tamil Nadu

Specialization

  • Animal Laws
  • Advertising
  • Debt and Lending Agreement
  • Election Campaign and Political Laws
  • Environment and Natural Resources
MANISH  KUMAR PANDEY

MANISH KUMAR PANDEY

Exp
Haldwani-cum-Kathgod , Uttarakhand

Specialization

  • Animal Laws
  • Criminal
  • Election Campaign And Political Laws
  • Financial Markets And Services
  • Maternity
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  • What is Animal law?
  • Is there any law specifically for animal rights in India?
  • Are there any recent Rules on animal protection?
  • Are there any judgements of courts of India on animal rights?

What is Animal law?


There are certain laws which are made keeping the welfare of animals in mind. The idea of prevention of animal cruelty has been around since a very long time, with Ashoka himself declaring protection of animals in the edicts he made on his pillars.

Intent behind enactment of policies related to animal welfare:


They are made with the intent to prevent infliction of unnecessary pain and/or suffering to animals and for that purpose any type of unwarranted and unreasonable agony caused to an animal is discouraged.

Some of the applicable laws to the topic of ‘Animal Laws’?


  • Article 51A(g) makes it a fundamental duty of every citizen to have compassion for all living creatures, however, this is not enforceable in court.
  • IPC sections 428 & 429 make killing or maiming any animal (stray animals included) a punishable offence.
  • Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 criminalizes cruelty to animals with exceptions made for food & scientific purposes.
  • Breeding of and Experiments on Animals (Control and Supervision) Rules, 1998 sets general requirements for breeding and using animals for research, for example maintaining a register providing the reasons necessitating the performance of the experiment on the animal (as per Section 5 of the Act).
  • As per Section 9, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 - Disturbing or destroying eggs or nests of birds and reptiles or chopping a tree having nests of such birds and reptiles or even attempting to do so constitutes to hunting and attracts a punishment of a fine of up to Rs. 25000, or imprisonment of up to seven years or both.
  • As per Rule 3, Slaughterhouse Rules, 2001 animal sacrifice is illegal in every part of the country with the exception of leaving out acts done with a religious motive.
  • As per the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972; “no aquarium can keep, house or display marine turtles, otters, any species listed in the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (53 0f 1972).
  • Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960:
    • Rule 3 states that no animal can be slaughtered in any place except a slaughterhouse.
    • Organising of or participating in or inciting any animal fight is a cognizable offence as per Section 11(1)(m)(ii) and Section 11(1)(n).
    • Abandoning any animal, without reasonable causes, is a punishable offence as per Section 11(1)(i) and Section 11(1)(j).
  • The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has released four new Gazette notifications under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 to regulate dog breeders, animal markets, aquarium and “pet” fish shop owners. PETA India was involved in the public consultation process for these rules and had provided useful comment to strengthen protections. The rules are the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals are:
    • Dog Breeding and Marketing Rules, 2017
    • Regulation of Livestock Markets Rules, 2017
    • Aquarium and Fish Tank Animals Shop Rules, 2017
    • Care and Maintenance of Case Property Animals Rules, 2017
  • According to these new rules, dog breeders, aquarium and fish ‘pet’ shop owners must register themselves with the state Animal Welfare Board of the respective states.

Important Judgements w.r.t Animal Laws


  • People for Ethical Treatment of Animals v. Union of India: Any film (intended for public viewing) applying usage of an animal needs to obtain the permission of the Animal Welfare Board of India in the form of an NOC
  • Shri Ajay Madhusudan Marathe v. New Sarvodaya CHS Ltd: A society cannot prohibit it’s resident from utilizing the facilities available to him/her for their pets. This case was lodged in the context of pets being allowed to make use of lifts.
  • Ozair Hussain v. Union of India: the non-vegetarian and vegetarian origin of food is to be indicated through the medium of a red or green dot respectively.
  • Animal Welfare Board of India v. A Nagaraja and Others: The practice of “Jallikattu”, was declared illegal and it was observed that Bulls cannot be performing animals.

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All you need to know about cheque bounce

ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CHEQUE BOUNCECheque bounce is one of the most common problem people face these days. What is cheque bounce? When does cheque bounce happens? What are the reasons for cheque bounce? How to deal with that? These are the common queries people have regarding cheque bounce. In this blog, I shall discuss all the topics related to cheque bounce and how to deal with that.WHAT IS CHEQUE BOUNCE?Before that we need to know what is actually a cheque? A cheque is basically a bill of exchange drawn upon a designated banker which is payable only when it is demanded by the applicant. Cheque bounce which is also known as dishonour of cheque is a basically failure of payment by the drawer towards the drawee or say it is an unpaid cheque returned back by the bank due to some or the other reasons.WHAT ARE THE REASONS FOR CHEQUE BOUNCE?There are various reasons a cheque can bounce. Following are the reasons for cheque bounce:-·      The signature on the cheque and the signature on the official documents like passbook, etc are different.·      Overwriting on the cheque can also be a problem if it is clearly visible.·      Cheque presented after the expiry of time period i.e. 3 months·      By any chance the bank account has been closed by the account holder or by the bank itself.·      Opening balance is insufficient·      Insufficient funds in the account of the drawer.·      The payment has been stopped by the drawer himself·      Inconsistency in the figures written on the cheque.·      Inconsistency in the amount number on the cheque.·      If the stamp of the company presenting the cheque is missing.·      In case the cheque is presented from a joint account and the signature of any of the account holder is missing.·      Any of the person i.e. the drawer or the drawee has died.·      By any chance the drawer has turned insolvent.·      Signs of insanity found in the drawer.·      Any alterations found in the cheque.·      Cheque issued against the rules of trust.·      The bank doubts the authenticity of the cheque.·      The cheque has been presented at the wrong branch by the drawee.·      The amount mentioned in the cheque crosses the limit of the cheque overdraft.Thus, above mentioned are the situations where a cheque issued can bounce due to some minor problems and hence can create a problem for both the drawer and the drawee.Well, every problem comes with a solution. Thereby we will discuss about the solutions and how to deal with cheque bounce cases:-CHEQUE BOUNCE CASE- WHAT AND HOW TO DEAL WITH THE PROBLEM?According to Section 138 of the Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881 cheque bounce is a criminal offence. Nevertheless, the aggrieved party in such cases can file both the criminal as well as a civil suit against the accused.Below mentioned are the actions one can take for a cheque bounce case:-·      Resubmission of the ChequeAfter being aware of the bounced cheque, the issuer of the cheque gets another chance to correct the error which caused the cheque bounce and can ask the payee to resubmit the cheque for clearance provided it is done within the time frame which is 3 months from the date of cheque bounce.·      Demand NoticeBy any chance if the cheque happens to bounce for the second time the recipient of the cheque opts to send a demand notice to the issuer of the cheque asking to transfer the required amount within the next 15 days. Also, the demand notice is sent within 30 days of receiving the notice of bounced cheque from the bank. ·      Filing a ComplaintEven after sending a demand notice there is no response from the issuer of the cheque then the drawee can file a complaint before the court within 30 days. You can also file a case after 30 days if you can provide a reasonable justification for the delay and the magistrate finds the reason justifiable enough. Keep in mind the court must be situated in a location where the cheque was presented or returned by the bank.The case can be filed under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instrument Act, making sure that the cheque issued as a gift cannot be covered by under such section.Moreover, for seeking remedies the recipient of bounced cheques can also file a complaint about cheating under Section 420 of the Indian Penal Code.·      Civil ComplaintIf filed a complaint regarding bounced cheques the issuer gets the punishment in terms of jail but in most cases does not let the recipient get his dues. Thus, it is advisable for the recipient if the bounced cheque to file a separate civil suit for the recovery of the amount he is supposed to get.PUNISHMENT AND PENALTYAfter receiving the complaint along with relevant papers and affidavit the court shall issue summons and hear the matter. If found guilty then the defaulter shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of two years or more or monetary penalty which can be twice the amount of the cheque or both. Also, the bank has the right to cease the cheque book facilities and close the account for repeated offences of cheque bounce. Consult Lawyer for Cheque Bounce Matter

Posted By

Neha Roy

5 days ago

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How is an NGO, a Trust and a Foundation Different?

From a legal standpoint, there is hardly any difference. An NGO or a Foundation cannot be registered. The legal viewpoint is that an NGO has one of three entities; its either a Public Trust or a Society or a not-for-profit organization or foundation. Under the Income Tax Act, all 3 entities are tax-exempt entities.Both trust and society alike are two types of a non-profit or non-government organization in India. Therefore if anyone intends on doing social work and for this purpose needs a legal entity, then either a trust or a society can be registered. One can also register a company under section 25 but in most cases, a registered is a norm or society for benevolent work.Trust is a comparatively simpler entity and can be easily registered and operated. Such organizations are fundamentally rooted in trust. Donations are purely based on trust that the donated funds would be fully utilized to serve the purpose mentioned in one’s trust deed. Trustees do not owe any explanation to anyone other than the Charity Commissioner and the applicable laws. Any tax breaks u/s 80g and 12a can be revoked if trustees do not abide by the rules, laws, and regulations of the Income Tax department. Analyzing NGO Registration people seem to think that even with lack of funds if NGO registration is done then their goals and objectives can be attained. Truth is as quickly as some NGOs are being registered they are also winding up quickly or even leaving it in the middle. If NGOs are registered with the intention or mindset of obtaining external grants and donations then such NGOs would not be sustainable in the long run. A company donating a chunk of funds to charity on a regular basis, then in such cases an NGO can be registered with enhanced sustainability planning.  In India, there are many registered NGOs only on paper and only about a little over half of NGOs are actually working for the betterment of society. NGOs can be formed in no time at all. However, when project funds from local government schemes or contributions from foreign countries are on hold indefinitely then the entire NGO comes to a screeching halt. Rather than looking for easier options for forming an NGO, for NGO registration its imperative to analyze the actual requirement and the strength to form, manage and maintain such NGO is far more important.Call 7604047601 for consultation with a registered expert Trust and Society NGO lawyers on Vidhikarya.

Posted By

Avik Chakravorty

2 months ago

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