Navigating Online Blackmail: Reporting and Legal Actions

April 8, 2024, 11:27 am | Updated April 30, 2024, 7:57 pm IST
Navigating Online Blackmail: Reporting and Legal Actions
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Common ways one party harasses you by threatening to damage the other party's reputation, extorting money, or humiliating the other party. Using blackmail or harassment is illegal in India. While harassment results from illegal and unwanted actions, blackmail is the use of threats as a form of persuasion to reveal or spread false information about a person. Online blackmail complaint can be filed to reclaim your peace of mind and assert your rights.

What is Blackmailing?

Criminal jurisdictions define blackmailing differently. Online Blackmail in India is generally understood as a cybercrime involving a threat to do something that will cause financial loss or embarrassment to the victim. Therefore, filing an online blackmail complaint shall help.

Blackmail is a serious offense under Section 384 of the Indian Penal Code. Illegal intimidation is another term for extortion or blackmail. The exact definition of criminal intimidation is found in Section 503 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860. Extortion is punishable under Section 384 of the Indian Penal Code, which deals with blackmail.

What to do if someone is blackmailing you?

The first step you can take is to report the offender and lodge a formal complaint (FIR) with the local police station. If there has been any blackmail on the internet or social networks, you can report it to the cyber cell and file an online blackmail complaint and the nearest police station.

Cyber crimes against women and children and other cyber crimes are the two categories where a complaint of online blackmail is archived and be classified by the National Cyber Crime Portal.

Approaching the Cybercrime Unit is the most effective way to file a complaint against blackmail (cyber cases). Those who cannot pay the fees or do not have the required information can still file a written complaint about it. Your name, phone number, email address, and information about the blackmailing behavior and the perpetrator as it was known must be disclosed along with your personal information.

If you are a victim of harassment or blackmail and cannot get help from other authorities, you can file a complaint with the National Women's Commission.

How to report cyber blackmail in India?

If you have been a victim of cyber blackmail, you should first consult a cyber crime lawyer. They will help you understand your legal rights and options and guide you in filing a police report.

The following protocols should be followed to report cyber extortion in India:

  • The first step is to gather as much information as possible about the cyber extortion. This may include screenshots of the offender's emails or text messages, incident logs and other relevant information.
  • The next step is to inform the police and authorities about cyber blackmail. There are two ways to file a complaint: online or in person at the nearest police station. Make sure the police have all the evidence you have gathered.
  • Buying legal advice from a cybercrime lawyer is very important now. They will guide you through the legal process and help you understand your options and rights.
  • If you have reported cyber extortion to the police and authorities, you should help with the investigation. Give the investigator all the information and documents you have and do what they say.
  • It is important to regularly contact the authorities to ensure the progress of the investigation. Contact the investigating officer or cybercrime lawyer for updates.


Blackmailing someone is a serious crime for which the victim can receive severe punishment. If you have been a victim of cyberbullying, you need to take legal action such as file an online blackmail complaint and contact a cyberlawyer as soon as possible. Follow the steps above to report the incident to the police and ensure that the perpetrator is brought to justice. Remember to cooperate with the investigation, gather as much evidence as possible and stay in constant contact with law enforcement.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. If someone is blackmailing me, how can I report them?
    You should report the blackmail attempt by taking documents. and supporting documents to the nearest police station. You can also ask a lawyer for more information about your options and rights.

  2. How to file a blackmail case?
    Cyber crimes against women and children and other cyber crimes are two categories where you can file an online blackmail complaint through the National Cyber Crime Portal. You can also make a report to the cybercrime unit of your local police station.

  3. Is blackmail a crime in India?
    It is true that blackmail is illegal in India. Extortion is defined in Section 384 of the IPC, criminal threat including blackmail is defined in Section 503 of the IPC. Section 384 of the Indian Penal Code deals with extortion and provides penalties for extortion.

  4. What is the blackmail section of IPC?
    While blackmail is defined in IPC section 384, criminal threats including blackmail are defined in IPC section 503. Section 384 of the Indian Penal Code deals with blackmail and provides punishment for blackmail .
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