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The States in which the Professional Tax is applicable and the States in Which it is not

Mayank Vats

This article discusses about the states which regulate the professional tax. For this we need to know what is the meaning of the term professional tax. This article discusses in detail the various states which have the professional tax imposed on its citizens and the various states which do not have the professional tax applicable to them. Professional Tax What is a professional tax? Who all have to pay it and what is the criterion of payment? All this is discussed in this article and make sure you read it to gather whole lot of information at the same place. Professional Tax or the profession tax is the tax which is imposed by the State government in India. Anyone who is doing a profession has to pay a tax for the same for example if you are a chartered accountant, company secretary, lawyer, doctor etc. you are required to pay a tax for it. Different countries or states have different method of profession tax collection but in India we do it through the state government at a Read More

How to get a Caste Certificate

Mayank Vats

Meaning and the Need of Caste Certificate A Caste certificate is certainly the most important evidence of the particular caste which a person belongs to. The caste certificate plays an even more important role for the determination of the caste of a person in case he/she asserts to belong from the backward castes which include Other Backward Castes (OBC), Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) as mentioned in the Constitution of India. The government observed the requirement of some special and particular opportunities and encouragement for the backward castes in order to make them capable enough for progressing and developing at the similar rapidity as the rest of the countrymen (so-called forward people). As an outcome of this, there is an existence of some unique privileges provided to the people of this category (OBC, SC, ST) as a part and parcel of the Protective Discrimination of the Indian System. These privileges include reservation of seats in the Read More

Aid Provided to the Children of Prisoners by the Government

Mayank Vats

Overview of the Government facilities to the Women Prisoners It is very difficult for a common and ordinary person to analyze the highness of the difficulties which are faced by the children of the people or the convicts who are behind the bars. At times those children are compelled to live their lives in such a way which would come under the definition of the most unpleasing and hateful lifestyle for most of us. As per the provisions of the Constitution of India, affairs concerning prisoners come under the jurisdiction of the respective states. Prisons are controlled and operated by state governments, subject to centrally made and authorized laws such as the Prisons Act, 1894. State governments have also issued and enacted various state-level prison laws, rules, regulations, and manuals. A huge segment of the population of the prison comprised of the prisoners is influenced by the first-time offenders arguably more than 90 percent, and in that too the male population Read More

Right Of Sons And Daughters On Father’s Property

Mayank Vats

Introduction In India, every child has various rights as a coparcener in the ancestral properties. The Hindu Succession Act does not treat sons and daughters in varied ways which conceivably is the pleasing remarkableness of the Act. The Hindu Succession Act has fair and equitable provisions for both sons and daughters. Both sons and daughters are the joint owners of the property and if they want their respective share, they can go on to file a suit for the partition of the property. It possible for a son or a daughter to amass a discrete property and at the same time, they also possess a right to sell or give away their share in the ancestral property as well as the self-obtained property to any third party or stranger. They cannot be restricted to get indulged into the transactions of sale and purchase of their property, hardly matters whether they acquired that property as a coparcener in the ancestral property or they obtained it separately. Furthermore, it is also an Read More

On What Grounds Can A Passport Be Revoked?

Mayank Vats

An Overview The Passports Act, 1967 is an act of the Indian Parliament for the purpose of issuance of passports and travel documents, to control and monitor the departure of Indian citizens from India and to supervise and oversee the other similar affairs. This Act is applicable to the entire territory of India extending to the Indian citizens residing outside India. The Indian Passport Ordinance 1967 was replaced by the Passports Act. The Passports Act 1967 was enacted with retrospective effect from the 5th day of May 1967 by Act 15 of 1967. This Act sets out the course of actions involved in obtaining an Indian Passport. In compliance with the rules and standards of Article 9 of the Constitution of India, dual citizenship is not permitted by the Act. As specified in Section 12 of the Act, it is essential for a person to give up his/her passport if he/she has obtained the citizenship of any other country. The reason behind the enactment of the Passports Act was to keep an eye Read More

When A Boy And Girl Elope, Girl’s Family Often Files Complaints Of Rape And Kidnapping. What Can The Boy Do In Such Circumstances?

Mayank Vats

What is Elopement? Elopement is nothing but an act of running away for the purpose of getting married which could be for various reasons. However, elopement could also be viewed as a marriage concluded in a very secretive, unexpected and sudden manner. It generally involves a very fast and expeditious running away from one’s place cooperatively with one’s loved one with an aim or plan of getting married. In India, it is usually witnessed that an act of elopement takes place for the reason that the people who intend to get married want to avoid different kinds of objection from parents and relatives or religious barriers. In India, for an elopement to be valid and legal, it is necessary that both the parties involved must be major according to law (Minimum age of 21 years for a boy and 18 years for a girl) and the elopement must be consensual. There must not be the presence of any kind of force or threat in order to get the elopement accomplished. An act of elopement is Read More

Playing the National Anthem in Cinema Halls; Sign of Respect or Disrespect to the Anthem?

Mayank Vats

An Outlook In this article, I would be arguing whether playing national anthem in the movie theatres is a gesture of respect or a sign of disrespect to our national anthem. It is a direction of the Honourable Supreme Court of India to play the national anthem before the commencement of movies in the movie theatres all across our country. As it is a decision passed by the Apex Court of our country, we all must respect it. The reason behind this ruling is to bring all the people of our country together to show their love and respect for the national anthem as well as their nation/motherland and to make them united. However, it is also an undeniable fact that this particular imposition is arguable. It is certainly true that this practice of singing the national anthem in cinema halls would portray a gesture of respect to the national anthem. However, at the same time, it might also be very difficult to prove a person wrong if he/she argues that this practice has a tendency of Read More

How a mother of two is trying to re-initiate the betterment of legal services in India


Her day starts with mental planning on what to cook for breakfast for her two sons and what to pack for their lunch breaks in school. The younger one, 4 years old, goes to school at 8.00 am and the older one, 7 years, at 9.30. The enterprising mind gets set from the very morning when she has to ensure that both the kids are well fed, bathed, dressed and sent to school with smiling faces. Once the kids are in the school bus the mom changes the role to entrepreneur, business women and the Chief of the office. She remains in this mode for almost next 10 hours everyday. She is Suparna Moitra, an ex Infosys and Accenture employee turned into an entrepreneur by desire and not by compulsion. Suparna worked for the IT giants for more than 15 years and took the plunge to start a business and the sector which she chose was certainly not the most lucrative one. She chose to bring in the much needed change in the legal sector which, without any contention is full of grey areas and has lot of Read More

Playing the National Anthem in cinema halls – Matter of respect or disrespect

Vedant Lakhotia

The National Anthem which used to be played in the cinema halls of Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh had the idea of Unity along with respect for the Nation which is vastly diversified in caste, religion and region and therefore as it was useful for these states it was thought that the same would be useful for others states as well but the same was adding disrespect because one of the judges Justice Chandrachud said that he had witnessed people leaving the cinema halls when the National Anthem was played after the show. Taking on the submissions from Attorney General K. K. Venugopal wherein he stated that playing the National Anthem would be a "unifying force" so that "when people come out of the theatre they will believe that we are all Indians". And further added that "Its purpose is the loyalty of the population, to neutralise divisiveness, foster unity in diversity. It is the duty of every citizen under Article 51-A (a) to abide by the Constitution, respect its ideals and Read More

Misuse of Section 498 of IPC in the name of Woman Empowerment

Section 498- Misuse of Women Empowerment. The section 498 & 498A came into effect in the year 1983, empowering the woman with stand-up & raise their voice pertaining to dowry demand of her husband & his relatives. Before 1983 any harm caused to the wife in relation to dowry was dealt with sections of IPC relating to cruelty, grievous hurt, murder etc, but since, in most cases convictions were not possible because of lack of clarity as to what constitutes domestic violence relating to dowry & also most of the laws which governed the domestic violence related matters were bailable. So, the parliament in 1983 incorporated section 498 & 498A so as to constitute the offences of violence related to dowry. The reason for such amendment was that with the increase in dowry related violence & death, the convictions were mere. In most cases the conviction was not possible as because of lack of clarity, what matters to look into in order to make a conviction were not Read More

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