Unraveling the Dynamics of Infidelity: Wife Cheating on Husband

April 10, 2024, 10:48 am | Updated April 11, 2024, 10:46 am IST
Unraveling the Dynamics of Infidelity: Wife Cheating on Husband
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A marriage is a relationship built on commitment, faithfulness, compassion, and loyalty. In order to achieve happiness and unity, Indians place a high priority on their relationships and give them a spiritual form through ceremonies and rituals. When one of the parties in a partnership engages in adultery or other comparable behavior, they betray confidence and integrity.

Adultery: What Is It?

Adultery is the act of a man or woman who is already in a committed marriage having extramarital affairs with another individual, whether they are married or not.  Some of the key points related to adultery are as follows;

  • Any form of sexual contact with a man or woman when one is married is improper and raises ethical and religious issues, making it a very contentious topic in society.
  • Before the notification was passed, adultery was illegal and no longer considered a crime, with males being deemed to be the ones who committed such crimes.
  • Nevertheless, under adultery rules, it remains a valid reason for divorce and can be utilized for both formal and informal separation.
  • In accordance with section 497 of the Indian Penal Code of 1860, it is illegal for a man or woman to engage in voluntary extramarital sex under the grounds of adultery.
  • According to adultery statutes, the offender faces a minimum five-year prison sentence and a fine in addition to the charges.
  • It was only when "Joseph Shine," who was living overseas, launched a Public Interest Litigation challenging the Indian rules against adultery under Article 32 of the Indian Constitution.
  • After that, the supreme court rendered a decision that struck down the criminal penalties resulting from adultery statutes, citing the violation of women's rights and dignity due to their subjective treatment as their husbands' property.
  • It is recognized as a divorce ground in Muslim and Hindu personal law. When a spouse's partner engages in immoral behavior, there are still legal remedies available to them, and they should be aware of their options.

Decriminalization of Adultery Laws in India

  • On July 27, 2018, the five-judge Supreme Court top court struck down Section 497 of the Indian penal code and Section 198(2) of the Criminal Procedure Code, citing violations of Articles 14, 15, and 21 of the Indian Constitution.
  • It was attributed to non-resident Keralite Joseph Shine. He brought legal action for offensive adultery laws and their unconstitutionality under the Public Interest on Article 32 of the Indian Constitution. In addition, it contains Section 198(2) of the Cr. P.C. and Section 497 of the IPC, which are relevant to offenses involving marriage.
  • According to the verdict, the part solely affects males and not women in accordance with adultery laws, which is a violation of Article 14, which guarantees equality between men and women.
  • Since the husband, and not the wife, is the sole party who is harmed in Article 15, there is a violation of the principle of single gender.
  • Instances in which women are viewed as men's property under adultery laws constitute a violation of Section 497 and Article 21, which deal with preserving liberty and life.

What Evidence Can a Wife or Husband Provide in Court?

Since it might be a reason for divorce rather than fall under the rules against adultery, the honorable court must be presented with specific proof and evidence of immoral behavior in order for them to render a decision that is appropriate given the circumstances.

These evidence elements may consist of:

  • It is difficult to find proof that directly violates the adultery laws and might be as circumstantial as solid evidence.
  • Information about the birth of a kid by someone else or lack of access.
  • House is looking through the other person's documents or proof.
  • getting sick from having sex outside of marriage or from an STD.
  • Prior actions, declarations, or acknowledgements.

Steps that can be taken if a Spouse Commits Adultery

If the other party engages in immoral behavior, the mourning spouse may pursue appropriate legal action against them, as adultery laws still provide a basis for divorce.

These are listed in the following order:

  • The person must be certain that they have committed acts that are in violation of adultery laws and that they are fully aware of this.
  • They may use a private investigator to gather evidence against the cheating spouse in addition to a divorce attorney.
  • The client and the attorney discuss the evidence as they advise the client on what steps to take and why.
  • A professional's legal guidance will be beneficial if they wish to split and file for divorce because it simplifies and expedites the process.

The parties can mutually resolve to separate and divorce, and the family law expert can set up formal notice.

Under laws against adultery, a wife who commits certain actions is not entitled to maintenance from her husband. However, under adultery rules, the wife is entitled to support if the husband does such an act.


Although adultery is no longer illegal, many spouses still cite it as a reason for divorce. Living together is not the sole option; other situations might occur. The person will receive assistance from the legal consultancy in making the appropriate decision. For more information related to adultery laws, it is advisable to consult a divorce lawyer in your city. For instance, if you are living in Kolkata better contact a divorce lawyer in Kolkata.


  1. What happens if wife cheats on husband?
    According to Section 10 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, adultery is a reason for divorce in India. The format of the divorce petition depends on the kind of divorce the couple is seeking, and a husband may file one with the District Court.

  2. How do I handle a cheating wife?
    Adultery is a legitimate reason for divorce, as per the Hindu Marriage Act. The format of the divorce petition varies depending on the kind of divorce you're seeking, and it can be filed with the District Court. To prove your spouse has been unfaithful, you can gather proof like text messages, emails, pictures, and witness statements.
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