India's Property Power: GPA in Property

February 28, 2024, 10:56 am | Updated March 29, 2024, 11:32 am IST
India's Property Power: GPA in Property
Listen to this article

Table of Contents


In the intricate tapestry of India's real estate landscape, the General Power of Attorney (GPA) emerges as a crucial legal instrument, shaping the dynamics of property transactions. A General Power of Attorney is a document that not only bears significance in the realm of law but also plays a pivotal role in facilitating various aspects of property dealings. Whether empowering an agent to oversee property management or authorizing them to act on behalf of the property owner in crucial transactions, the GPA navigates the intersection of property rights and legal authority. This introduction aims to shed light on the role, significance, and considerations surrounding the General Power of Attorney in the context of property transactions in India.

What is a General Power of Attorney (GPA)?

A General Power of Attorney (GPA) is a legal document that grants someone, known as the "agent" or "attorney-in-fact," the authority to act on behalf of another person, referred to as the "principal." This authority can encompass a wide range of actions and decisions, depending on the language used in the document.

In the context of property transactions, a General Power of Attorney might be used to allow the agent to manage, sell, purchase, or make decisions regarding the principal's property. It's a legal tool designed to enable the agent to act in the best interests of the principal in various matters, particularly when the principal cannot be present or wishes to delegate certain responsibilities.

It's important to note that the powers granted under a GPA can be broad or specific, and the document may have varying durations or conditions. The specifics of a General Power of Attorney can vary based on the laws of the jurisdiction and the preferences of the individuals involved. Additionally, in some regions, there may be requirements for the registration of a GPA to make it legally valid for certain purposes.

Essential Elements of GPA

A General Power of Attorney (GPA) is a legal document, and while the specific requirements may vary by jurisdiction, there are some essential elements commonly found in a well-drafted GPA. Here are the key elements typically included:

Identification of Parties:

Full names, addresses, and other relevant identification details of both the principal (the person granting the power) and the agent (the person receiving the power).

Granting Clause:

A clear statement from the principal granting specific powers to the agent. This clause outlines the scope and nature of authority the agent will have.

Scope of Authority:

A detailed description of the powers granted, specifying whether they are broad or limited. This section may include authority related to property transactions, financial matters, legal decisions, or other specific actions.

Duration and Termination:

The time frame during which the GPA is valid, whether it's for a specific period, until a certain event occurs, or until the principal revokes it. The conditions under which the power of attorney can be terminated should also be outlined.


Signatures of the principal, agent, and any required witnesses. The document is typically signed in the presence of a notary public to ensure its legality.

Notarization and Witnesses:

Many jurisdictions require the GPA to be notarized, and witnesses may also be needed. Notarization involves a notary public confirming the authenticity of the signatures.

Clear Language:

Use of clear and unambiguous language to avoid misunderstandings about the extent of the powers granted. The document should be easily understood by all parties involved.

Legal Compliance:

Ensuring that the GPA adheres to the legal requirements of the relevant jurisdiction. Some jurisdictions have specific rules regarding the content, execution, and registration of power of attorney documents.

Revocation Clause:

A statement indicating how the principal can revoke or cancel the GPA if needed. This might include specific procedures or conditions for revocation.

Acknowledgement of Understanding:

A clause stating that the principal understands the powers being granted and the implications of those powers to the agent.


A General Power of Attorney serves as a vital legal instrument, empowering individuals to navigate various aspects of life, particularly in property transactions. This document, with its essential elements of clear identification, specific scope of authority, and well-defined duration, establishes a framework for a trusted relationship between the principal and the agent. The careful consideration of legal requirements, notarization, and a thorough understanding of the document's content are crucial to its effectiveness. As individuals navigate the complexities of property dealings and legal matters, a well-drafted General Power of Attorney stands as a safeguard, providing a structured approach to delegating responsibilities and ensuring the orderly execution of decisions. For more information on GPA, it is better to consult a property lawyer in your city. For example, if you are from Kolkata, then it is recommended to contact a property lawyer in Kolkata.


  1. Is it safe to buy property on GPA?
    Buying property on GPA (General Power of Attorney) can be risky. Ensure legality, consult legal experts, and understand implications before proceeding.

  2. Who is a GPA holder?
    A GPA holder is an individual authorized by a General Power of Attorney to act on behalf of another person in specific or broad legal matters.

  3. What is the validity of GPA?
    The validity of a General Power of Attorney (GPA) varies and is determined by the terms specified in the document. It can be for a specific period until a certain event occurs, or until the principal revokes it. Legal advice is recommended to understand and ensure proper validity.

  4. What is the full form of GPA in deed?
    In the context of property deeds, GPA stands for General Power of Attorney.
Written By:


Recommended Free Legal Advices
question markInheritance GPA stampduty 2 Response(s)
Hi, The Power of Attorney itself defines the ambit, if the concerned power of attorney permits you to initiate the gift deed, you may do so.
question markGPA does not have childrens name 1 Response(s)
Dear Sir, Visit the Land Registration Office of the district you are located and get your doubts clarifies. Simple and 100 % problem free. The Authorities will be able to tell you . Shanti Ranjan Behera Advocate
question markSuggestion regarding revokation of GPA 4 Response(s)
Dear Sir, My answers are as follows: 1. Is it revokable by any of the principal? i.e , can my father revoke the same alone? Can other principal objection for revoke the same . Ans: If one of the principal wanted to revoke GPA he can do so by issuing a legal notice and releasing paper notification. 2. Is my father still able to take legal action and execute for the same if it has not revoked ? Or my father's power is seized for the same after GPA Ans: If your father issue such notification and newspaper advertisement and then the validity of GPA will be void and the agent cannot act upon such invalid GPA. Rate me Five Star*
question markKindly suggest legal procedure to buy below property. 4 Response(s)
Dear Sir/Mam, 1. All are their legal heirs, after the death of both the parents died without intestate, property will be equally divided between their children. 2. No, Registered Gift Deed should be made to complete the process or otherwise registered GPA can also be made to purchase it. 3. Yes, consent should be taken from all the children before taking any step. 4. No, it cannot be made. 5. No, there is no alternative method. 6. No. 7. No. 8. Only if it is Registered GPA. 9. Only if Registered GPA plus publication is done so that no dispute can be raised later. Kindly rate the response. Thanks & Regards, Lucem Legal LLP
question markRight of legal heirs of GPA holder on property 4 Response(s)
Dear client, 1. The GPA is not transactional and does not pass down to the son 2. No, the legal heirs of the GPA cannot claim a right on the property 3. Yes, the GPA will be revoked 4. No Thank you.