Navigating Probation Period Leave Rules: Guidelines and Rights

Posted On : April 5, 2024
Navigating Probation Period Leave Rules: Guidelines and Rights
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An employee is placed on probation to evaluate how well they perform in a role that is appropriate for them. The employer has the right to terminate an employee's employment if their performance is deemed inadequate, and this action is not illegal. Explore guidelines and rights regarding probation period leave rules and understand the entitlements and obligations during this crucial phase of employment.

What is the Probation Period?

The probation is to determine whether an employee is qualified to hold a position either substantively or permanently. This criterion must be determined at the time of confirmation. Probation is a trial period. Regular workers in an organization are entitled to a number of protections, such as benefits upon cessation of employment and protection from arbitrary termination. Nonetheless, a probationary employee may be let go at any time throughout their probationary period for cause, provided that the employer has good reason to do so.

What are the probation period leave rules in India?

There are no particular statutory restrictions in India that regulate an employee's right to depart during their probation. Nonetheless, when it comes to probation period leave rules, the majority of businesses adhere to a set of standard procedures and policies. The following are some typical leave policies in India during the probationary period:

Leaves for Sickness (SL) and Casual Leaves (CL)

During their probationary term, employees are usually granted a specific number of sick days and casual leaves. Depending on how long the probationary term is, the number of leaves allowed may be prorated. Typically, a six-month probationary term is followed by one or two casual leaves and five to seven sick leaves.

Earned Leaves (EL)

During their probationary period, employees are typically not eligible for earned leaves or privilege leaves. Earned leaves are often only awarded following employment confirmation and the successful conclusion of the probationary term.

Maternity Leave

Female probationary employees are eligible to maternity leave with wages for a maximum of 26 weeks (8 weeks before and 18 weeks after birth) under the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961.

Medical Leave

Probationary employees may be awarded medical leave in accordance with the organization's policies or at the employer's discretion in the event of a protracted illness or medical emergency. However, Organizations may differ in the length of time and regulations governing medical leave.


Just like permanent employees, probationary employees often have access to all national and festival holidays honored by the company.

Can the Probation Period be Extended?

In the absence of regulation of probation period leave rules, if the employment contract specifies a set or specific probationary time and the employee continues to work after it has ended, then it is likely that they are still in the probationary phase. The employer retains the ability to prolong the probationary period until it is satisfied the probationer is ready for confirmation. A probationer who stays on the probationary program beyond its allotted time will not automatically become a permanent employee. Therefore, a probationer will remain on probation until the employer confirms their status.

Is Termination possible during the Probation Period?

A probationer is not entitled to a lien on their employment, and their employer is free to end their employment at any time. It's best to use clear, straightforward language to end a probationer's employment in a non-stigmatic manner. It will be appropriate to declare that the probationary services are ending immediately in compliance with the terms and conditions of the appointment, or, if applicable, as soon as possible.


Please note that different organizations may have different leave policies for probationary employees. While some firms may have more lax policies, others might have more stringent guidelines It is advisable to carefully read the employment contract or the organization's leave policy. To know more about probation period leaves, it is advisable to consult a company lawyer in your area. For example, if you are a resident of Kolkata, better consult a company lawyer in Kolkata.


  1. Can I take leave during the probation period?
    Generally, Employees are prohibited from taking any kind of leave during the probationary term, including sick leave, casual leave, academic leave, and other types of leave. In extraordinary situations, some employers might permit workers to take unpaid time off. Certain organizations permit their employees to take one day of leave during their probationary period and additional leaves once their employment has been verified.

  2. Can you leave at any time during the probation period?
    Yes, you are allowed to leave during your probationary period, although you will typically have to give notice. Usually, the notice period is specified in your employment contract or an official business policy.

  3. What are the rules for employees in the probation period?
    According to a ruling of the Supreme Court of India, probation period leave rules cannot go longer than two months, or one year in special circumstances. During the probationary phase, an employee's employment may be terminated by the employer with or without prior warning. Until they are happy with the worker's performance, the employer may potentially decide to prolong the probationary period. When a worker's services are terminated, the employer should speak in a straightforward, nonjudgmental manner.
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