Stray Dogs in India: Even a bark has a spark


May 8, 2017, 4:55 am | Updated May 8, 2017, 4:55 am IST
Listen to this article

Table of Contents

  All living beings feel, touch, love, live and have equal rights to live their lives with dignity. Although stray dogs cannot communicate with humans, their emotions can still trigger human minds. “They may not have words to let you know, But like you, they suffer, love and grow.” When humans lose humanity within themselves, it paves way to cruelty, heinousness and inhumane deeds. Animal cruelty is an offence under Section 11 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960, and Section 429 of the Indian Penal Code, which is punishable with imprisonment and fine. The number of stray dogs worldwide has been estimated between 200 and 600 million. India has estimated 30 million stray dogs. India has the highest number of human rabies deaths in the world. The problems in India relating to stray dogs are:
  • Stray dogs are prone to cruelty as there are no strict laws to penalize the wrongdoers.
  • The people are vulnerable to aggressive dogs, whose bites could cause rabies, which leads to acute inflammation of the brain.
  • The garbage is dumped in open, as dogs are scavengers, they get de-localised from their natural surroundings as become aggressive, which may lead to human-dog conflicts.
  • Stray dogs are homeless and lack care and training.
Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) is a statutory body under Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, established in 1962 to promote animal welfare in the country. Animal Birth Control (ABC) programme has been developed by World Health Organization as the only practical solution to control the street dog population and eradicate rabies. Government of India has formulated the Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rules, 2001 which directs that municipalities work with animal welfare organisations to implement the ABC programme.  Section 3 (3) of these Rules states that “The street dogs shall be sterilized and immunized by participation of animal welfare organizations, private individuals and the local authority.” The Rules deals with catching, transportation, sheltering, sterilisation, vaccination, treatment, Euthanasia and release of sterilized vaccinated or treated dogs. In 2015, both the Kerala High Court and Bombay High Court passed orders to reduce the stray dog population by killing strays as humanely as possible. Both the orders were followed by severe protests. Both orders were overruled by higher courts. In November 2015, the Supreme Court banned killing stray dogs in India. Netherlands has become the first country in the world to have no stray dogs. The possible solutions to the problem of stray dogs are:
  • Strict legislation and harsh rules for those who inflict cruelty, injury and inhumane actions on the stray dogs. For this, new laws have to be evolved in India, as Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960 is outdated now and needs to be amended to the present changed circumstances.
  • There should be proper sterilization and vaccination of stray dogs and they should not be de-localised. This will not make dogs hostile and give them a peaceful environment to survive.
  • Garbage has to be dumped properly and safely in bins rather than in open. This will prevent stray dogs to come near them and attack others.
  • Instead of buying dogs, the people should be encouraged to adopt stray dogs as they need them the most. The love and care of the people can bring them a better and healthy life instead of a devastating life in the garbage.
The Indian society has to change its perspective on stray dogs. They are not just objects of abuse and torture, but are like us. They reciprocate our love and cry when it pains. They should be respected, adopted and loved like our family members. Although many laws and legislations can be framed, every effort of the individuals of the society can bring about changes in the problems of Stray dogs in India. So, let’s join our hands and celebrate our enigmatic humanity to save the lives of all creatures of the Nature. “Let the laws never make anyone dare, To destroy their lives, devoid of care We spread our smiles for their welfare, And t a golden crown of Humanity we wear.”
Written By:
AKASH SINGH

AKASH SINGH


Recommended Free Legal Advices
question markIssues of stray dogs 1 Response(s)
Please try and collect proof for purchase of the dogs. If really someone purchased them and then left them on the streets, you can take action against such purchaser.
question markStray dogs in buildings 1 Response(s)
Dear Client, you can complaint about the stray dogs to the municipal authorities and ask them to take them away.
question markVehicle starting Issue and no Good Response from service centre 2 Response(s)
Dear Client, Given the ongoing issues with your KTM bike and the unsatisfactory responses from the service center, you have several legal options under Indian consumer protection laws. The Consumer Protection Act, 2019, provides remedies for defective goods and deficient services. You can file a complaint with the consumer court, citing the persistent starting issues despite multiple repairs and the financial burden incurred due to the repeated service visits and parts replacement. Document all interactions with the service center, including invoices and communication records, as evidence. Additionally, you can request the contact details of higher authorities, such as the Area Service Manager (ASM), from the company. If they refuse, you can highlight this in your complaint. A legal notice may also be sent to the dealership and the manufacturer, demanding a resolution, such as a full repair, replacement of the bike, or a refund. Consulting with a consumer rights lawyer can help guide you through this process and ensure your rights are protected.
question markFeeding stray dogs causing society members a problem 2 Response(s)
Dear Client You see feeding stray dogs is not a crime and and yo should continue doing this the problem is that when they follow you and come inside the complex. Try to keep them away from the complex and don't let them come in. That should solve the problem.
question markInconvenience caused by a other dog owner near my home 1 Response(s)
Dear Client, Your situation with the neighbor and the dogs is indeed complex, and it requires a balanced approach to resolve it amicably while adhering to legal guidelines. Here’s how you can handle this situation: Steps to Address the Issue: Document the Incidents: Keep a detailed record of all incidents involving your dogs and her dog, including dates, times, and descriptions of what happened. Photographic or video evidence, if possible, can also be useful. Seek Mediation: Before escalating the situation legally, try to mediate the issue with the help of a neutral third party, such as a community leader or a representative from the Railway Housing Authority. This can help in finding a mutually acceptable solution without causing further conflict. Secure Your Property: Ensure that your compound is secure, and your dogs cannot accidentally get out. This may involve repairing or enhancing your gate and compound walls. File a Complaint with Local Authorities: If mediation fails, you can file a formal complaint with the local municipal corporation or the Railway Housing Authority. Provide them with your documentation and explain the ongoing issue. Animal Welfare Laws: Familiarize yourself with the animal welfare laws in India. Under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, there are provisions to protect both animals and humans from cruelty. Unnecessary harassment or cruelty towards your dogs by anyone can be reported to the local animal welfare board or police. Legal Notice: If the situation doesn’t improve, consider sending a legal notice to the neighbor, warning her against provoking your dogs and creating disturbances. This notice can be drafted and sent by an advocate. Specific Legal Considerations: Pet Laws and Rights: In India, pet owners have the right to keep pets in their homes, provided they are kept under control and do not cause a nuisance to others. However, you must ensure that your dogs do not harm or threaten others. Noise and Public Nuisance: Continuous barking or aggressive behavior by pets can be considered a public nuisance under Section 268 of the Indian Penal Code. However, the law also requires others not to provoke or disturb animals unnecessarily. Civil Action for Harassment: If the neighbor continues to provoke your dogs and harass your family, you may file a civil suit for harassment and seek an injunction against her. This will legally prohibit her from engaging in such behavior. Protection Against False Accusations: Given the history of incidents, you should be prepared to protect yourself against any false accusations. Maintain a cordial demeanor, avoid confrontations, and always have witnesses around whenever possible. Immediate Actions: Enhance Security: Install CCTV cameras around your property to monitor and record any incidents involving your dogs and the neighbor. This can serve as crucial evidence if the situation escalates. Legal Consultation: Consult with a lawyer specializing in property and animal laws to get specific advice tailored to your situation. They can help you understand your legal standing and the best course of action. Community Support: Garner support from other neighbors or community members who may have witnessed the neighbor’s provocative actions. Their testimonies can strengthen your case.