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Laws Related to Registration of Property Transacti...

In the case of immovable property, mandatory registration of property purchase and sale documents are essential ensuring proof of ownership, fraud prevention and assurance of title.Under The Indian Registration Act, there is legislation for property registration in India known as the law of registration of documents that makes it a mandatory requirement to register key documents for the recording of evidence, fraud prevention and assured title transfer. Property Documents Necessitating Mandatory RegistrationRegistration of property or property registration in India in accordance with Section 17 of the Registration Act, 1908, is mandatory in case of transactions involving immovable property sale for an amount in excess of Rs. 100. What this essentially means is that all immovable property sale transactions must be registered since a mere Rs. 100 cannot possibly be the purchase price of immovable property. Furthermore, a gift of immovable property, as well as lease for a period in excess of 12 months are essentially transactions that require registration.In special circumstances, if any of the parties to the transaction is unable to be physically present at the sub registrar's office, then, in that case, any of its officers may be deputed by the sub-registrar for acceptance of the registration documents at the buyer’s residence. Included in ‘immovable property’ are land, buildings and any attached rights to these classes of properties.Procedure and Documents Required for Registration of PropertyAs registration of property documents are mandatory it's worth knowing what the procedure for registration of property entails. Firstly, the documents have to be submitted to the office of the Sub-Registrar of Assurances within the jurisdiction of the location of the transferrable property by the property lawyer. Thereafter both the authorized signatories of the seller and the purchaser, need to be physically present with their proof of identities including Aadhar card, PAN card or any other government authority issued ID proof along with two witnesses, for the purpose of registration of property documents.All designated authorized signatories ought to produce the power of authority if in case they are representing someone on their behalf.  If however, in the case of a company the company is one of the parties in the agreement, the company representatives ought to have all necessary documents with them including the letter of authority, and along with that a copy of the company board’s resolution granting authority to execute the registration. The designated authorized signatory ought to show the property card to the sub-registrar and in addition to that all original documents and proof that stamp duty has indeed been paid. Prior to registration of property documents, verification would be done by the sub-registrar as to whether or not the required stamp duty for the property has been paid, according to the ready reckoner for stamp duty.  Any deficit in the stamp duty would result in the registrar declining registration of property documents. Time Limit and Fees to be Paid for Property Registration ?All documents that need mandatory registration ought to be presented by the property lawyer no later than 4 months from their execution date along with the prescribed fee. In the case of expiry of the time limit, an application can be made to the sub-registrar to condone the delay, and that with an extension of time of another 4 months the registration of property documents would be submitted to the sub-registrar within that time. The registrar may consent to register documents that missed the registration deadline for a hefty fine of up to ten times the actual registration fee. For the registration of property documents, the fee is 1% of the property’s value, capped at Rs 30,000.Previously, presenting registration of property documents for registration of property would result in returning the documents to the sender after six months. Nonetheless, with the sub registrar's offices being computerized, the documents with the registration number and proof that the registrar has indeed completed the registration are first scanned and then returned to the sender on the very same day.Consequences of Non-registration of PropertyIf the property purchase agreement remains unregistered then it could be very risky for the buyer of the property. Since it’s mandatory for all documents to be registered but if they remain unregistered then those unregistered documents cannot be presented as proof in a lawsuit.  

Posted By

Avik Chakravorty

1 day ago


HOW TO OBTAIN A LEGAL HEIR CERTIFICATE IN INDIA ?After a sudden demise of a family member, his/her legal heirs must obtain a legal heir certificate in order for transferring the assets of the deceased. In order to establish the relationship between the deceased and his/her legal heirs legal heir certificate is a very important document. After obtaining the death certificate from municipality/ municipal corporation, it is necessary for the successors to apply for this legal heir certificate in order to claim their right over the properties and dues of the deceased person. Generally, a lawyer helps to draft and register a legal heir certificate. WHO ARE LEGAL HEIRS? The persons hereinafter mentioned are considered to be the legal heirs and can claim a legal heir certificate in India : 1. Parents of the deceased2. Siblings of the deceased 3. Spouse of the deceased4. Children of the deceased HOW LEGAL HEIR CERTIFICATES ARE DIFFERENT FROM SUCCESSION CERTIFICATES? Legal heir certificates are different from a succession certificate and has its own limitations.• Legal heir certificates can be used in matters such as claiming employee benefits, insurance claims and for property claims. • Unlike Indian Succession act a legal heir certificate is not a conclusive proof under the law of succession in India USES OF LEGAL HEIR CERTIFICATESA legal heir certificate identifies the rightful successors who can claim the assets/properties of the deceased person.To lay a claim over a deceased person’s property all eligible successors must have this certificate for :1. Claiming insurance2. Sanctioning and processing family pension of the deceased employee. 3. Transferring the deceased person’s assets and properties to his /her successors. 4. Receiving dues such as gratuity, provident fund etc from the government. 5. Receiving salary arrears of the deceased. 6. Gaining employment based on compassionate appointments. PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING LEGAL HEIR CERTIFICATETo obtain Legal Heir certificate You must approach the area/Taluk Thasildar, or from the corporation/municipality office of your area, and also the District civil court. The certificate names all legal heirs of the deceased person and will be issued to you only after a proper enquiry. To obtain a Legal Heir Certificate you must follow the steps listed below:1. APPROACH THE TALUK OFFICEThe applicant has to visit the Tehsildar or Taluk office. An alternate option is when the he chooses to approach a lawyer from the District Civil Court.2. RECEIVE THE APPLICATION FORMThe applicant will have to obtain the application form from the concerned Tehsildar officer.3. ENTER THE DETAILSThe applicant then will have to enter all the required details in the application form.4. ATTACH THE DOCUMENTSOnce all the details are entered, the applicant will have to attach all the mandatory documents to the application form.5. AFFIXING STAMPThe applicant will have to to affix a stamp of Rs. 2 in the application form.6.SUBMIT THE APPLICATIONOnes this is done, he applicant has to furnish the application form to the authorized officer in the Tehsildar office.7. VERIFICATION PROCESSThereafter the application is verified by the Village Administrative Officer and Revenue Inspector.8. ISSUING THE CERTIFICATEAfter completing all the verification processes, the certificate will then be issued by the concerned authority mentioning all the legal heirs of the deceased. Generally it takes 30 days to obtain a Legal Heir Certificate but you have to approach the Revenue Division Officer (RDO) or the sub collector if there is an unnecessary delay or the concerned authorities fails to respond.REQUIRED DOCUMENTS TO OBTAIN A LEGAL HEIR CERTIFICATEThe following documents are required to be submitted to the appropriate authority in order to obtain a legal heir certificate: • Signed application form•Identity/address proof of the applicant( voter id/ Aadhar card/driving licence/passport or any other government issued identity card) • A self undertaking affidavit• Death certificate of the deceased• Address proof of the deceased( any valid identity proof or telephone/mobile bill, gas bill, bank passbook with the name and address of the deceased) • Date of birth proof of all the legal heirs. ( Birth certificate , school transfer/leaving certificate, PAN card, passport, etc)

Posted By

Sayaree Ganguly

2 months ago

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