Steps in Divorce Procedure Kolkata: A Guide

Posted On : January 27, 2024
Steps in Divorce Procedure Kolkata: A Guide
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Divorce is a challenging and emotionally charged process that involves the legal dissolution of a marriage. In Kolkata, the divorce procedure follows a structured series of steps, ensuring that both parties have the opportunity to address their concerns and that the legal rights of each are protected. Understanding these steps can help individuals navigate the complex legal terrain and make informed decisions during this difficult time.

Steps in Divorce Procedure in Kolkata

Step 1: Consultation with a Lawyer

The divorce process in Kolkata typically begins with a consultation with a qualified family lawyer. This initial meeting is crucial as it allows the individuals involved to understand their legal rights and obligations. The lawyer will assess the circumstances surrounding the divorce, discuss potential grounds for divorce, and explain the various options available, such as contested or uncontested divorce.

Step 2: Filing the Petition

To initiate the divorce proceedings, the party seeking divorce (known as the petitioner) must file a petition in the family court. The petition outlines the grounds for divorce, details of the marriage, and the relief sought. In Kolkata, the Family Court Act of 1984 governs divorce proceedings, and the petition is filed in the family court within whose jurisdiction the parties reside.

Step 3: Service of Summons

Once the petition is filed, the court issues a summons to the other party (respondent), notifying them of the divorce proceedings. The respondent must respond within a stipulated period, usually 30 days, acknowledging receipt of the summons and indicating whether they contest or consent to the divorce.

Step 4: Response and Counterclaim

If the respondent contests the divorce, they must file a written response, outlining their objections to the grounds stated in the petition. Additionally, the respondent may file a counterclaim, introducing their own grounds for divorce or proposing alternate terms for settlement, such as alimony, child custody, and property division.

Step 5: Mediation and Counseling

To promote amicable resolutions and reduce the burden on the court, mediation and counseling sessions may be mandated. Trained professionals help the parties explore potential settlements, especially concerning child custody and financial matters. If an agreement is reached, it can be submitted to the court for approval.

Step 6: Trial Proceedings

In cases where a settlement is not reached, the divorce case proceeds to trial. Both parties present their evidence, witness testimonies, and arguments to support their respective positions. The court carefully considers all relevant factors before rendering a judgment on the divorce and related issues.

Step 7: Judgment and Decree

Following the trial, the court issues a judgment and decree, officially ending the marriage. This decree outlines the terms of the divorce, including alimony, child custody, visitation rights, and property division. The decree is legally binding, and both parties must comply with its provisions.


The divorce procedure in Kolkata is a systematic legal process that aims to provide a fair and just resolution to the parties involved. While the emotional toll of divorce is inevitable, understanding the steps in the process can empower individuals to make informed decisions and navigate the legal complexities more effectively. Consulting with an experienced family lawyer and approaching the process with a willingness to engage in constructive dialogue can contribute to a smoother divorce procedure in Kolkata. To know more legal information about divorce, it is advisable to consult an experienced divorce lawyer in your city. For instance, if you are living in Kolkata, you should contact a lawyer in Kolkata for divorce.


What is the cost of divorce in Kolkata?

The cost of divorce in Kolkata can vary significantly depending on factors such as legal fees, court filing fees, and additional expenses related to proceedings. On average, legal fees for a divorce case in Kolkata may range from ₹20,000 to ₹50,000 or more. Court filing fees are typically around ₹2,000. However, these figures are approximate, and the actual cost can be influenced by the complexity of the case, the need for additional legal services, and the duration of the legal proceedings. Individuals should consult with a family lawyer for a more accurate estimate based on their specific circumstances.

What are the steps of going through a divorce?

  • Consultation with a Lawyer: Begin by seeking advice from a family lawyer to understand your legal rights and options.
  • Filing the Petition: Initiate the divorce process by filing a petition in the appropriate court, stating the grounds for divorce.
  • Service of Summons: The court issues a summons to notify the other party, who must respond within a specified period, indicating consent or contesting the divorce.
  • Response and Counterclaim: If contested, the respondent files a written response and may submit a counterclaim, stating their objections and proposed terms.
  • Mediation and Counseling: Court-mandated sessions may occur to encourage settlement negotiations, especially regarding child custody and financial matters.
  • Trial Proceedings: In cases without a settlement, both parties present evidence and arguments in court, leading to a judgment.
  • Judgment and Decree: The court issues a legally binding judgment and decree, outlining the terms of the divorce, including alimony, child custody, and property division.

How divorce process completed?

The divorce process is completed through the following key steps:

  • Petition Filing: Initiate by filing a divorce petition, outlining grounds and relief sought.
  • Summons and Response: Serve summons to the other party, who responds, indicating consent or contesting.
  • Mediation (if applicable): Court-mandated sessions for settlement negotiations.
  • Trial: Present evidence and arguments in court, addressing contested issues.
  • Judgment and Decree: Court issues a legally binding judgment and decree, finalizing the divorce terms.
  • Compliance: Parties must adhere to the decree's provisions for a complete divorce process.

What are the stages of divorce case?

  • Legal Consultation: Begin with a consultation with a family lawyer to gain insights into legal options.
  • Initiating Petition: Commence the divorce process by filing a petition that outlines grounds and requested relief.
  • Summons and Response: Serve legal summons to the other party, who responds within a designated time frame.
  • Mediation (if applicable): Engage in court-mandated mediation sessions for potential settlement discussions.
  • Court Trial: Participate in trial proceedings where evidence and arguments are presented to address contested issues.
  • Issuance of Judgment and Decree: Obtain a legally binding judgment and decree from the court, solidifying the terms of the divorce.
  • Adherence to Decree: Ensure compliance with the decree's provisions by both parties to conclude the divorce process.
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